8
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Factores de riesgo de retraso en el crecimiento linear en niños de 12 a 120 meses de edad en Arandas, Jalisco, México Translated title: Risk factors associated to growth retardation in children 12 to 120 months of age in Arandas, Jalisco, México

      research-article

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          El propósito fue identificar los factores asociados a retraso en el crecimiento en niños de una región semi-rural en Arandas, Jalisco, México. En estudio transversal analítico se incluyeron 432 niños de 12 a 120 meses. Se analizaron variables sociales, demográficas, económicas, dietéticas y patológicas. Se utilizó la puntuación Z del índice talla/edad (< -1 DE y < - 2 DE) para evaluar el déficit de crecimiento. Con la prueba de chi cuadrada y la razón de momios (IC 95%) se estimaron los factores de riesgo y protección. Los factores de riesgo fueron: > tres niños en la familia [RM 1.71 (1.01, 2.87)], consumo de sodas azucaradas > 4 veces por semana [RM 2.36 (1.19-4.73), ingreso familiar mensual < 200 USA dólares [RM 3.5 (1.28, 9.76)] y gasto per cápita en alimentación < 10% de un salario mínimo (100 USA dólares al mes) [RM 1.81 (1.06, 3.09)]; edad < 24 meses [RM 2.02 (1.09, 3.75)], adición de azúcar al biberón [RM 8.56 (1.84, 54.9)], modificación de la dieta durante la diarrea [RM 2.40 (1.02, 5.77)] ingestión de leche < 4 veces a la semana [RM 2.71 (1.55, 4.73)] y casi significativo: consumo de frijoles [RM 1.75 (0.98, 3.13)]. Factores de protección: familia nuclear [RM 0.28 (0.09, 0.85)] y dilución adecuada de la fórmula de alimentación [RM 0.71 (0.60, 0.85)]. En el modelo de regresión los factores de riesgo fueron: consumo de sodas, frijoles y adición de azúcar u otros edulcorantes al biberón.

          Translated abstract

          The purpose was to identify risk factors associated to deficit on linear growth in children from a semi-rural population in Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico. In a cross sectional study 432 children, 12 to 120 months old were included. Social, demographic, economical, dietetic and pathological characteristics and deficit in the height /age index (< - 1 and - 2 z score) were considered. A chi square test and Odds Ratio (CI 95%) to identify the risk and protection factors were also obtained. Risk factors for height/age deficit were: > 3 children in the family [OR 1.71 (1.01, 2.87)], soft drinks consumption > 4 times a week [OR 2.36 (1.19-4.73)], family’s monthly income < 200 USA dollars [OR 3.5 (1.28, 9.76)] and per capita food expenses < 10% of a minimum salary (100 USA dollars a month) [OR 1.81 (1.06, 3.09)]; age < 24 months [OR 2.02 (1.09, 3.75)], adding sweeteners to the bottle [OR 8.56 (1.84, 54.9)], diet modification during diarrhea [OR 2.40 (1.02, 5.77)], milk intake < 4 times a week [OR 2.71 (1.55, 4.73)] and nearly significant, bean consumption [1.75 (0.98, 3.13). Protection factors: nuclear family [OR 0.28 (0.09, 0.85)] and an adequate infant formula dilution [OR 0.71 (0.60, 0.85)]. In multivariate models associated factors to deficit of height were higher consumption of soft drinks, beans and the addition of sweeteners to the bottle. In addition to socioeconomic variables, lower consumption of high quality food and proteins and higher intake of legumes were important risk factors for mild and moderate deficit height/age.

          Related collections

          Most cited references32

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Risk factors for early childhood malnutrition in Uganda.

          To assess the dietary and environmental factors influencing stunting and other signs of poor nutritional status of children 18 months to <24 months), low socioeconomic status of the family, poor education of the mother of infants <12 months, lack of paraffin as fuel, consumption of food of low energy density (<350 kcal/100 g dry matter), presence of eye pathology, and consumption of small meals. Risk factors for low MUAC were poor health, lack of meat and cow's milk consumption, low intake of energy from fat, and less well educated and older mothers. Food taboos had no influence on any of the anthropometric measurements. Although 93.1% of the children had been immunized against tuberculosis, polio, diphtheria, and measles and showed better general health than children who were not immunized, there was a high prevalence of infection in the week preceding the survey interview, including diarrhea (23.0%), malaria (32.3%), or cough/influenza (72.8%). This first account of dietary and environmental risk factors involved in the etiology of early childhood malnutrition in Uganda indicates differences in risk factors for marasmus and underweight compared with stunting and low MUAC. The high prevalence of malnutrition and current infection of children in this survey suggests poor immune function as a result of inadequate nutrition.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: found
            Is Open Access

            La desnutrición infantil en el medio rural mexicano

            Objetivo. Conocer la situación nutricional de la población infantil del medio rural mexicano, comparándola con la situación previa y localizando las zonas más afectadas. Material y métodos. La muestra estuvo conformada por 38 232 familias, pertenecientes a 855 localidades, seleccionadas probabilísticamente. Se tomaron medidas antropométricas a 31 601 menores de cinco años. El análisis se realizó en consideración a la población de referencia peso/edad, peso/talla y talla/edad. Resultados. La desnutrición global afecta a 42.7% de los niños de acuerdo con el indicador peso/edad (IC= 1.9%); hace 22 años las formas de desnutrición moderada y severa eran de 17.4% y actualmente son de 19.3%. Respecto a talla/edad afecta a 55.9% (IC= 1.9%), y a peso/talla a 18.9%. Conclusiones. La ENAL96 muestra que la desnutrición sigue siendo un problema muy grave, que no se ha solucionado y que sigue afectando a las regiones del sur en donde hay mayor prevalencia de grupos indígenas.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry WHO Technical Report Series 854

              (1995)
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                alan
                Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición
                ALAN
                Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición (Caracas )
                0004-0622
                December 2008
                : 58
                : 4
                : 336-342
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad de Guadalajara México
                Article
                S0004-06222008000400003
                35382cce-57a2-43f1-bc56-6a53e7eaeb11

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                Product

                SciELO Venezuela

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0004-0622&lng=en
                Categories
                NUTRITION & DIETETICS

                Nutrition & Dietetics
                Risk and protection factors,retraso en el crecimiento,niños,growth retardation,children,Factores de riesgo y protección

                Comments

                Comment on this article