Fifty-six patients aged 75 years and older underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) at our institution from 1984 to 1991. The average age was 76.7 ± 1.5 years, and 84% of the patients were males. Single-vessel disease occurred in 21 patients, double-vessel disease in 16, and three-vessel disease in 19 patients. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 57 ± 5%, and 8 patients had an ejection fraction of < 40%. The anginal functional class was I in 1 patient, II in 3, III in 6, and IV in 46 patients. Single-vessel PTCA was attempted in 43 patients, two-vessel PTCA in 8, and three-vessel PTCA in 5 patients. Revascularization was complete in 35% of the patients, incomplete in 57, and no revascularization was obtained in 8% of the patients. Ninety-one percent of the patients had a successful procedure. In 5 patients there was severe dissection, 1 patient died, 1 patient had an acute myocardial infarction, and 1 patient had emergency bypass surgery. Long-term follow-up (6-96 months, mean 21 ± 4) in the 51 successfully treated patients revealed late cardiac death in 1 patient, repeated PTCA for restenosis in 9, and coronary bypass surgery in 2 patients. Twenty-two patients were asymptomatic, 12 had improved symptoms, and 5 remained symptomatic. PTCA appears to be a safe and effective treatment in elderly patients with one- and two-vessel disease, with excellent long-term results. Age is not a contraindication to PTCA. The results in elderly patients with three-vessel disease are less encouraging.