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      Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty in Elderly Patients

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          Abstract

          Fifty-six patients aged 75 years and older underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) at our institution from 1984 to 1991. The average age was 76.7 ± 1.5 years, and 84% of the patients were males. Single-vessel disease occurred in 21 patients, double-vessel disease in 16, and three-vessel disease in 19 patients. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 57 ± 5%, and 8 patients had an ejection fraction of < 40%. The anginal functional class was I in 1 patient, II in 3, III in 6, and IV in 46 patients. Single-vessel PTCA was attempted in 43 patients, two-vessel PTCA in 8, and three-vessel PTCA in 5 patients. Revascularization was complete in 35% of the patients, incomplete in 57, and no revascularization was obtained in 8% of the patients. Ninety-one percent of the patients had a successful procedure. In 5 patients there was severe dissection, 1 patient died, 1 patient had an acute myocardial infarction, and 1 patient had emergency bypass surgery. Long-term follow-up (6-96 months, mean 21 ± 4) in the 51 successfully treated patients revealed late cardiac death in 1 patient, repeated PTCA for restenosis in 9, and coronary bypass surgery in 2 patients. Twenty-two patients were asymptomatic, 12 had improved symptoms, and 5 remained symptomatic. PTCA appears to be a safe and effective treatment in elderly patients with one- and two-vessel disease, with excellent long-term results. Age is not a contraindication to PTCA. The results in elderly patients with three-vessel disease are less encouraging.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1994
          1994
          18 November 2008
          : 85
          : 2
          : 88-93
          Affiliations
          Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv E. Sourasky Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
          Article
          176654 Cardiology 1994;85:88–93
          10.1159/000176654
          7954568
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Catheterization and Interventional Cardiology

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