30 November 1999
Adrenomedullin (AM), a hypotensive peptide isolated from human pheochromocytoma, inhibits the proliferation of mesangial cells (MC) induced by mitogens such as platelet-derived growth factor. Quite recently, we have demonstrated that transmural pressure applied to cultured MC increased DNA synthesis and cell proliferation through protein kinase C and tyrosine kinase pathways. However, the modulatory effect of AM on pressure-induced cell proliferation is as yet unknown. In the present study, we examined the effect of AM on transmural pressure-induced DNA synthesis in cultured rat MC. Pressure was applied to cells placed in a sealed chamber using compressed helium. Application of pressure resulted in an increase in [<sup>3</sup>H]thymidine incorporation (approximately 2.0-fold). AM clearly inhibited pressure-induced DNA synthesis in a concentration-dependent manner. This inhibition was paralleled by an increase in cellular cAMP levels evoked by AM. Forskolin and dibutyryl cAMP mimicked the inhibitory effect of AM. The protein kinase A inhibitor H-89 significantly attenuated the effect of AM. Human AM(22–52)-NH<sub>2</sub>, a putative AM receptor antagonist, reversed the inhibitory effects of AM more potently than did human CGRP(8–37), a calcitonin gene related peptide receptor antagonist. Our results suggest that AM, by acting mainly on AM-sensitive receptors, inhibits pressure-induced DNA synthesis in cultured rat MC through activation of protein kinase A. AM may play a protective role against MC proliferation in certain pathological conditions.