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      Impact of Cardiovascular Risk Factors on Morbidity and Mortality in Czech Middle-Aged Men: Pilsen Longitudinal Study

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          Abstract

          The impact of biological and life-style characteristics measured during baseline examination on 12-year morbidity and mortality of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke (STR), and malignancies was investigated in an urban population of 3,540 middle-aged men initially free of clinical disease. The following factors enhanced significantly (at the 5 % level) the adjusted relative risk ratios: for total mortality age, smoking, and elevated systolic blood pressure; for CHD age, smoking, elevated systolic blood pressure, serum cholesterol levels, and body mass index, and family history (father or mother). Myocardial infarction was positively associated with age, smoking and elevated serum cholesterol levels. For STR age and elevation of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure were risk factors. The relative risk for all malignancies was enhanced by age and smoking. Regular alcohol consumption was associated with a significantly lower risk for all CHD; however, with only marginal significance for myocardial infarction. Higher education was associated with a significantly lower risk of total mortality, all CHD, and myocardial infarction and a marginally lower risk of STR. A high leisure physical activity was negatively (but not significantly) associated with the risk of all end points.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1994
          1994
          18 November 2008
          : 85
          : 1
          : 61-68
          Affiliations
          2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Center of Preventive Medicine, Medical Faculty of the Charles University, Pilsen, Czech Republic
          Article
          176647 Cardiology 1994;85:61–68
          10.1159/000176647
          7954559
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Epidemiology and Prevention

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