Tyrosinase (EC 188.8.131.52) is responsible for enzymatic browning in fruits and vegetables. Its inhibitors may be applied to efficiently treat hyperpigmentation and are widely used in pharmaceutical and cosmetic products, food supplements and insecticides. Previous studies have shown that heterocyclic compounds with an amino group can inhibit tyrosinase activity. The present study aims to evaluate the inhibitory effect of some novel 2,6-diamino-4-chloropyrimidine derivatives (1a-e) and 2,4,6-triaminopyrimidine (2a–e) including bioactive aniline moiety on the activity of the mushroom tyrosinase.
In practice, the azo salt was initially synthesized from aniline derivatives and combined subsequently with the 2,4,6-triaminopyrimidine and 2,6-diamino-4 chloropyrimidine followed by crystallization. The structures of resulting compounds were confirmed by FT-IR, 13C NMR, and 1H NMR. The derivatives (0–100 µM) were evaluated for their inhibitory effect on tyrosinase activity using l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-DOPA) as substrate.
All compounds showed inhibitory effects against the activity of the enzyme. About 23.72–55.08% inhibition was observed in the presence of 30 µM of each compound. The IC 50 values of the synthesized compounds were measured, and their inhibition properties were also visualized by zymography. Based on the results, the compounds 1a-e and 2a-e showed moderate inhibitory activities. Notably, pyrimidine derivatives 1a (IC 50=24.68) and 1d (IC 50=24.45) also exhibited similar inhibitory activities when compared with the positive control, kojic acid (IC 50=25.24 µM). Kinetic studies indicated that the type of inhibition was noncompetitive.