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      New morphological and molecular data on the little-known pontellid Calanopia media Gurney, 1927 (Crustacea, Copepoda, Calanoida) from the Red Sea, with notes on its diel vertical distribution

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      Pensoft Publishers

      Calanopia media , copepods, pontellid, redescription, Red Sea

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          Abstract

          As a part of the routine neritic zooplankton collection program in Obhur Creek (central Red Sea, Saudi Arabia), specimens of a pontellid calanoid copepod, Calanopia media Gurney, 1927, were observed and studied. Since the original description was rather brief and drawings limited, especially of mouthparts and legs, which were not illustrated and described, the species is here fully redescribed. Red Sea specimens showed considerable variation in the female genital compound somite, the right caudal ramus and leg 5, as well as in the presence of a medial knob ventrally on the male right prosomal corner. DNA sequences of mtCOI of different specimens did not show any significant differences and supported their identity as one species. Calanopia media exhibited clear diel vertical migration, with high densities of 106 and 150 ind. m -3 during sunset (6:00 pm; UTC+3) and midnight (12:00 am; UTC+3) collections, respectively. However, this species was not observed in other zooplankton collections from the surface to 20 m depth, at 6:00 am and 12:00 pm (UTC+3).

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          Most cited references 28

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          Biological identifications through DNA barcodes: the case of the Crustacea

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            The center of the center of marine shore fish biodiversity: the Philippine Islands

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              DNA barcoding of stygofauna uncovers cryptic amphipod diversity in a calcrete aquifer in Western Australia's arid zone.

              The arid Yilgarn region of Western Australia contains numerous subterranean calcrete aquifers with unique assemblages of obligate groundwater invertebrates (stygofauna). We aimed to establish a DNA barcoding framework for the macro-invertebrates present in a single calcrete, as a basis for future assessment of biodiversity of the Yilgarn calcretes and for investigating food webs. Intense sampling of a bore field grid in the Sturt Meadows calcrete was undertaken to obtain representatives of the entire macro-invertebrate ecosystem. A 623-bp fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase 1 (COI) gene was used to provide DNA barcodes for stygobiont macro-invertebrates plus terrestrial organisms that are found in the calcrete. Phylogenetic analyses revealed the existence of 12 divergent monophyletic groups of haplotypes. Subterranean amphipods (Chiltoniidae) showed three groups of COI haplotypes with sequence divergences between them of >11%. Allozyme analyses found a large number of fixed allelic differences between these three amphipod groups, indicating that there are three morphologically cryptic species within the Sturt Meadows calcrete. Unlike the sister triplet of dytiscid beetles present, the amphipods are not sister clades and are more closely related to other Yilgarn and non-Yilgarn amphipods than to each other. Our results show that the aquifer contains at least 12 macro-invertebrate species and DNA barcoding provides a useful means for discriminating species in this system. © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2020
                25 March 2020
                : 922
                : 13-33
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Marine Biology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia King Abdulaziz University Jeddah Saudi Arabia
                [2 ] Department of Marine Sciences, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522, Egypt Suez Canal University Ismailia Egypt
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Mohsen M. El-Sherbiny ( ooomar@ 123456kau.edu.sa )

                Academic editor: D. Defaye

                Article
                46977
                10.3897/zookeys.922.46977
                7113325
                32256154
                Mohsen M. El-Sherbiny, Mamdouh A. Al-Harbi

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Funding
                Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR), King Abdulaziz University
                Categories
                Research Article
                Copepoda
                Systematics
                Asia

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