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      Impact of Palmoplantar Dermatoses on Quality of Life

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          Palmoplantar dermatoses are commonly found in dermatological practice. Quality of life (QOL) is severely impaired if these areas are affected. Early and appropriate management of palmoplantar dermatoses help in improving patient's QOL.


          To assess the impact of palmoplantar dermatoses on QOL.

          Materials and Methods:

          Patients with palmoplantar dermatoses with or without other body part involvement were enrolled in the study. QOL was assessed by Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) questionnaire for >16 years of age and by Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI) questionnaire for 5–16 years of age.


          Two hundred and two patients participated, of which 108 (53.46%) were males and 94 (46.53%) were females. The commonest age group affected was 17–40 years (42.57%). Housewives 61 (30.2%) and laborers 53 (26.2%) were most common occupational group affected. The mean DLQI and CDLQI scores were 7.68 and 7.46, respectively. Fifty-seven (28.21%) patients had palmoplantar psoriasis (PPP), 35 (17.32%) had palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK), and 26 (12.87%) had hand eczema (HE) with mean DLQI scores 8.60, 8.53, 8.60, and CDLQI scores 8.40, 8.28, and 8.26, respectively. In both DLQI and CDLQI, questions on symptoms and feelings scored maximum. Gender, age, occupation, duration, progress, and type of dermatosis did not show statistically significant association with DLQI. However, chronic recalcitrant dermatoses such as PPP, PPK, and HE showed significant impairment in QOL in relation to occupation and duration of disease.


          Severity of various palmoplantar dermatoses was not graded and therefore relation between severity of various dermatoses and QOL was not established.


          Majority of patients with palmoplantar dermatoses especially those having chronic course had significant impairment in their QOL.

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          Most cited references 15

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          A comparative study of impairment of quality of life in children with skin disease and children with other chronic childhood diseases.

          Chronic disease can have physical and psychological effects which affect social functioning. These effects can be better understood from the perspective of parent and child by the use of health-related quality of life (HRQL) measures. Various HRQL measures are now available, of which generic health measures have been the most widely used. These permit comparison between different diseases and also the normal population. To cross-validate a new generic HRQL proxy measure for children, the Children's Life Quality Index (CLQI), with an established speciality-specific dermatological questionnaire, the Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI), in a group of children with chronic skin diseases. The impairment of HRQL in the same group of children with skin disease was then compared with that associated with other common chronic childhood diseases using the CLQI. The CDLQI was completed by 379 children aged 5-16 years with skin disease of more than 6 months' duration. Their parents (n=379) and parents of 161 children aged 5-16 years with other chronic diseases were also asked to complete a proxy measure, the CLQI. Using linear regression analysis, the CLQI and the CDLQI scores showed a strong linear association (rs=0.72, P<0.001) and on a Bland-Altman plot, reasonably good agreement (expressing scores out of 100, the 95% limits of agreement were from -25.5/100 to 26.7/100). In the child's opinion psoriasis and atopic dermatitis (AD) caused the greatest impairment (CDLQI scores of 30.6% and 30.5%), followed by urticaria (20%) and acne (18%). Using the generic CLQI (scored 0-36), from the parental perspective the highest score was for AD (33%), followed by urticaria (28%), psoriasis (27%) and alopecia (19%). Comparing this with children with other chronic diseases, those with cerebral palsy had the highest score (38%), followed in descending order by those with generalized AD (33%), renal disease (33%), cystic fibrosis (32%), urticaria (28%), asthma (28%) and psoriasis (27%). Diseases such as epilepsy (24%) and enuresis (24%) scored higher than diabetes (19%), localized eczema (19%), alopecia (19%) and acne (16%). Using the CLQI we have shown that HRQL impairment in children with chronic skin disease is at least equal to that experienced by children with many other chronic diseases of childhood, with AD and psoriasis having the greatest impact on HRQL among chronic skin disorders and only cerebral palsy scoring higher than AD. Cross-validation of the CLQI with the CDLQI in the group of children with skin disease demonstrates a strong linear association and good agreement between the two.
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            Hand eczema severity and quality of life: a cross-sectional, multicentre study of hand eczema patients.

            Hand eczema is a chronic disease with negative impact on quality of life (QoL). In this study, QoL in hand eczema patients is assessed and related to age, sex, severity, and diagnostic subgroups. A total of 416 patients with hand eczema from 10 European patch test clinics participated in the study. Data on QoL were obtained from a self-administered questionnaire using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). Severity was assessed by a scoring system (Hand Eczema Severity Index, HECSI) as well as frequency of eruptions and sick leave due to hand eczema. No significant difference was found between males and females with respect to QoL [DLQI median values and 25/75 percentiles for males and females being 7.0 (3-14) and 8.0 (3-13), respectively], although males were more severely affected than females (P < 0.025). A significant positive correlation was found for hand eczema severity and age (P < 0.001), while no significant correlation was found for QoL and age. QoL was found increasingly reduced when sick leave was getting higher (P < 0.001). A statistically significant correlation between QoL (as measured by DLQI) and hand eczema severity as measured by HECSI was found (P < 0.001). No significant difference in QoL was found between diagnostic subgroups. QoL was found markedly negatively affected in hand eczema patients and was significantly correlated to disease severity. No significant difference in QoL was found between males and females, in spite of significantly more severe eczema in males, indicating that QoL in female patients is more easily affected.
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              A cross-sectional study using the Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI) in childhood psoriasis: negative effect on quality of life and moderate correlation of CDLQI with severity scores.

              Juvenile psoriasis is a chronic and incurable skin disease that affects approximately 0·7% of children.

                Author and article information

                Indian Dermatol Online J
                Indian Dermatol Online J
                Indian Dermatology Online Journal
                Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd (India )
                Sep-Oct 2018
                : 9
                : 5
                : 309-313
                Copyright: © 2018 Indian Dermatology Online Journal

                This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

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