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      The Early Years of Chronic Dialysis:The Seattle Contribution

      American Journal of Nephrology

      S. Karger AG

      Hemodialysis, Peritoneal dialysis, Scribner, Seattle Artificial Kidney Center

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          Abstract

          Long-term hemodialysis for chronic renal failure first became possible with development of the Teflon shunt by Belding Scribner and coworkers at the University of Washington, Seattle, in 1960. Over the next 4 years, many of the advances in dialysis occurred in Seattle. These included recognition and treatment of complications such as malignant hypertension, gouty episodes due to uric acid accumulation, subcutaneous calcification, anemia, iron overload, and peripheral neuropathy. Technical advances included improving the shunt, and in collaboration with Professor A.L. Babb, development of a proportioning system to make dialysate from concentrate and water and the first automated home hemodialysis machine. Dr. Boen and Dr. Tenckhoff developed automated peritoneal dialysis equipment and peritoneal access devices. The world’s first outpatient dialysis center, the Seattle Artificial Kidney Center, was established in 1962, and used an anonymous lay committee to select from medically suitable patients those to be treated by the center. This triage was an important step in the development of biomedical ethics, and in 1964, Scribner’s presidential address to the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs discussed the problems of patient selection, termination of treatment, patient suicide, death with dignity, and selection for transplantation.

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          Most cited references 1

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          The Allocation of Exotic Medical Lifesaving Therapy

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            AJN
            Am J Nephrol
            10.1159/issn.0250-8095
            American Journal of Nephrology
            S. Karger AG
            978-3-8055-6855-5
            978-3-318-00128-0
            0250-8095
            1421-9670
            1999
            April 1999
            23 April 1999
            : 19
            : 2
            : 350-354
            Affiliations
            Northwest Kidney Centers and the University of Washington, Seattle, Wash., USA
            Article
            13475 Am J Nephrol 1999;19:350–354
            10.1159/000013475
            10213842
            © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 2, References: 30, Pages: 5
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13475
            Categories
            History of Dialysis and Transplantation

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