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      COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance and Hesitancy Among Dental and Medical Students

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          Abstract

          Background

          Dental students (DS) and medical students (MS) are exposed to COVID-19. It is important to achieve high COVID-19 vaccination coverage rates in both these groups. We developed a survey to assess the vaccine hesitancy amongst MS and DS to COVID-19 vaccination.

          Methods

          The study was conducted at three U.S. dental schools and a medical school using an online survey which assessed (1) previous immunization behavior; (2) attitudes and perception of COVID-19 vaccines; (3) personal experience with COVID-19.

          Results

          248 DS and 167 MS completed the survey. 45% of DS and 23% of MS were hesitant to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. In bivariate analyses, MS were 2.7 times more likely than DS to take the vaccine (OR 2.74, 95% CI 1.76, 4.31, p=0.0001). Although DS were more likely than MS (p<0.05) to have had COVID-19 and to personally know someone who had COVID-19, MS were more likely to agree with mandates and trust information about the vaccine. In multivariable analyses, after controlling for demographic variables, experience with COVID-19 and personal vaccination behaviors, being a MS or DS was no longer predictive of willingness to get the vaccine.

          Conclusions

          These results highlight the need for profession-specific curriculum designed to enhance student knowledge about the vaccine and vaccine counseling skills.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Am Dent Assoc
          J Am Dent Assoc
          Journal of the American Dental Association (1939)
          Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of the American Dental Association.
          0002-8177
          1943-4723
          26 March 2021
          26 March 2021
          Affiliations
          [1 ]Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Rochester MI
          [2 ]Beaumont Health, Royal Oak, MI
          [3 ]Nova Southeastern University, College of Dental Medicine, Fort Lauderdale, FL
          Author notes
          []Corresponding Author: Arati K. Kelekar MD, Address: 3601 W. 13 Mile Rd., Royal Oak, MI 48073
          Article
          S0002-8177(21)00165-3
          10.1016/j.adaj.2021.03.006
          7997309
          365ace7a-4cae-4c63-8044-56a45cc62a12
          © 2021 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of the American Dental Association.

          Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID-19. The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect, the company's public news and information website. Elsevier hereby grants permission to make all its COVID-19-related research that is available on the COVID-19 resource centre - including this research content - immediately available in PubMed Central and other publicly funded repositories, such as the WHO COVID database with rights for unrestricted research re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for free by Elsevier for as long as the COVID-19 resource centre remains active.

          Categories
          Original Contribution

          covid-19 vaccine,vaccine hesitancy,vaccine adoption,dental students

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