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      Control of Cytomegalovirus Disease in Renal Transplant Patients Treated with Prednisone, Azathioprine and Cyclosporine Using Intensive Monitoring and Decreased Immunosuppression

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          Abstract

          Background: The aim of this trial was to study the effectiveness of intensive monitoring, together with an early decrease in immunosuppression, in reducing the prevalence of CMV disease in renal transplant recipients treated with prednisone, azathioprine and cyclosporine. Methods: From 1/95 to 11/97 a prospective, longitudinal study was conducted among 146 consecutive, unselected, renal transplant patients in our unit. Only 96 patients whose immunosuppressive regimens consisted of prednisone, azathioprine and cyclosporine and whose follow-up period was greater than 4 months were included in the study. Preemptive therapy was administered to 27 high-risk patients. CMV antigenemia (CMV-AG) and other virological tests were performed weekly for the first 4 posttransplant months. The immunosuppression was decreased when the first positive CMV-AG was detected. Azathioprine was completely withdrawn when the CMV-AG count was greater than 10 cells per 10<sup>5</sup> PBLs. The cyclosporine dose was gradually decreased in the next 4 weeks, but it was not withdrawn in any patient. The prednisone dose was modified according to the immunosuppressive protocol. Results: 53% (51/96) of the patients had positive CMV-AG on at least one occasion. The dose of azathioprine was decreased after CMV-AG detection in 41/51 (80.4%) patients and it was completely withdrawn in 23 of these (45%). The mean decrease in the dose of azathioprine was 73 ± 31 (25–175) mg, a mean percentage decrease of 76 ± 27% (25–100%). The dose of cyclosporine was progressively decreased during the 4 weeks after detection of the first CMV-AG (mean cyclosporine levels: 210 ± 66, 196 ± 54 and 164 ± 36 ng/ml at the time of first CMV-AG detection, 2 and 4 weeks respectively, p < 0.0001, repeated measures analysis of variance). None of the 45 patients without CMV-AG and only 2 of 51 (3.9%) patients with CMV-AG developed symptomatic CMV disease (2% of the total). CMV disease was of moderate intensity in both patients. Only 3/51 (5.8%) patients developed acute rejection after the first CMV-AG detection in the 4 posttransplant months. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that intensive monitoring and an early reduction of immunosuppression, together with preemptive therapy in high-risk patients, is effective in diminishing the prevalence and severity of CMV disease.

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          Ganciclovir.

           C Crumpacker (1996)
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            1999
            July 1999
            21 June 1999
            : 82
            : 3
            : 238-245
            Affiliations
            aNephrology and bMicrobiology Services, Hospital Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Spain
            Article
            45408 Nephron 1999;82:238–245
            10.1159/000045408
            10395996
            © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 3, Tables: 3, References: 27, Pages: 8
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45408
            Categories
            Original Paper

            Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

            CMV disease, CMV antigenemia, CMV monitoring, Renal transplant

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