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Physical deconditioning may be a mechanism for the skeletal muscle energy phosphate metabolism abnormalities in chronic heart failure.

American Heart Journal

metabolism, Aged, Cardiovascular Deconditioning, Exercise Test, Female, Heart Failure, Humans, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Adult, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, instrumentation, methods, Male, Middle Aged, Muscle, Skeletal, Phosphates

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      Abstract

      The aim of our study was to investigate the contribution of physical deconditioning in skeletal muscle metabolic abnormalities in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Phosphate metabolism was studied in the leg muscle at rest and during exercise by using phosphate 31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in a group of 14 patients with New York Heart Association class II and III CHF and left ventricular ejection fraction <40% and in two groups of age-matched healthy volunteers: one group of 7 sedentary and another of 7 trained subjects. Phosphocreatine depletion rate, intracellular pH, and adenosine diphosphate levels in the muscle during exercise were not statistically different in the CHF patients and in the sedentary healthy subjects, but both groups were statistically different from the trained healthy subjects, who had slower phosphocreatine depletion rates, as well as less intracellular acidosis and lower adenosine diphosphate levels during exercise (p = 0.02; analysis of variance). Our results suggest that metabolic changes occurring in the skeletal muscle of patients with CHF may contribute to the limitation of exercise capacity and are most likely to be a consequence of physical deconditioning because they are very similar to what is observed in sedentary and otherwise healthy subjects as compared with trained subjects.

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