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      Rastreamento do câncer do colo do útero em Teresina, Piauí: estudo avaliativo dos dados do Sistema de Informação do Câncer do Colo do Útero, 2006-2013 Translated title: Cribado de cáncer de cuello uterino en Teresina, Piauí: estudio de evaluación de datos del Sistema de Información sobre cáncer de cuello de útero, 2006-2013 Translated title: Cervical cancer screening in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil: evaluation study using data of the Cervical Cancer Information System, 2006-2013

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          Abstract

          Resumo OBJETIVO: avaliar o rastreamento do câncer do colo do útero em Teresina, Piauí, Brasil. MÉTODOS: estudo avaliativo do Sistema de Informação do Câncer do Colo do Útero (Siscolo) de Teresina no período 2006-2013, com base em análises estatísticas descritivas. RESULTADOS: foram registradas no sistema 604.331 citologias de mulheres residentes em Teresina; 1,8% apresentaram alterações citológicas pré-malignas ou malignas (atipias, lesões intraepiteliais e câncer); a positividade dos exames foi maior para as mulheres >64 anos de idade; verificou-se redução de 43,9% no número de exames realizados na faixa etária-alvo do programa de rastreamento; também cresceu o percentual de amostras insatisfatórias, de 0,33 para 0,89%. CONCLUSÃO: em Teresina, o programa de rastreamento de colo uterino apresenta limitações que precisam ser superadas, destacando-se a oferta inadequada de exames, sua baixa proporção de positividade e o crescimento do número de amostras insatisfatórias.

          Translated abstract

          Resumen OBJETIVO: evaluar el programa de cribado de cáncer de cuello uterino en Teresina, Piauí, Brasil. MÉTODOS: estudio evaluativo del sistema de información para cáncer de cuello uterino en Teresina, en el período 2006-2013, basado en el análisis estadístico descriptivo. RESULTADOS: habían 604,331 pruebas de frotis registrados en el sistema, para mujeres que vivían en Teresina y 1,8% de ellas presentaron anomalías citológicas pre malignas o malignas (células atípicas, lesiones intraepiteliales y cáncer); hubo una reducción de 43,9% en el número de pruebas realizadas entre mujeres en el rango de edad objetivo del programa de cribado y un aumento en el porcentaje de muestras insatisfactorias, de 0,33 a 0,89%. CONCLUSIÓN: el programa de cribado cervical en Teresina, tiene limitaciones que deben ser superados, destacando el suministro inadecuado de las pruebas, una baja proporción de números positivos y creciente de muestras insatisfactorias.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract OBJECTIVE: to assess the cervical cancer screening tests in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. METHODS: this is an evaluation study of Teresina Cervical Cancer Information System (Siscolo), for the period from 2006 to 2013, based on descriptive statistical analyses. RESULTS: 604,331 pap smear tests of women residents in Teresina were registered on the system; 1.8% presented premalignant or malignant cytological conditions (atypical cells, intraepithelial lesions and cancer); positive results were higher among women aged >64 years old; there was a reduction of 43.9% in the number of tests performed among women in the target age group of the screening program; there was an increment in the percentage of unsatisfactory samples, from 0.33 to 0.89%. CONCLUSION: Teresina cervical screening program presents some limitations that need to be overcome, especially concerning the insufficient tests offer, its low proportion of positive results and the growing number of unsatisfactory samples.

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          Avaliação da qualidade das variáveis epidemiológicas e demográficas do Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos, 2002

          O trabalho avalia a qualidade da informação do Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos (SINASC) quanto à clareza metodológica da documentação, completitude do preenchimento e consistência para o país, grandes regiões e Unidades da Federação no ano 2002. Adicionalmente, correlaciona-se a completitude com indicadores de pobreza, desigualdade e recursos humanos. As variáveis analisadas são: raça/cor do recém-nascido, instrução materna, estado civil materno, ocupação materna, idade materna, consulta pré-natal, filhos nascidos vivos, filhos nascidos mortos e peso do bebê ao nascer. Mostrou-se que o SINASC possui boa completitude de preenchimento e consistência da informação na maioria das variáveis; porém, observaram-se sérios problemas de qualidade nas variáveis sobre filhos anteriores e ocupação. Quanto à raça, encontraram-se tanto problemas metodológicos de definição da variável como incompletitude do preenchimento no Distrito Federal, São Paulo, Bahia e Sergipe, Brasil. Por intermédio da análise estatística, confirmou-se a relação significativa entre completitude e indicadores de pobreza e desigualdade. Espera-se que melhorias da qualidade da informação do SINASC possam contribuir para que esse sistema seja uma robusta fonte de dados epidemiológicos que permita identificar fatores de risco e condicionantes sócio-econômicos.
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            Coverage and focus of a cervical cancer prevention program in southern Brazil

            OBJECTIVE: To determine the coverage and focus of cervical cancer screening (Pap smears) in a population-based sample in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional cluster survey covering 1 730 women aged 20 years or older with a history of sexual activity. Information was collected on social, demographic and behavioral variables, knowledge of and use of the Pap test. RESULTS: Of women aged 25-59 years, who are the target population of the national cervical cancer screening program, 78.7% had had at least one Pap test in their lifetime, and 68.8% had had a Pap test in the last 3 years. Statistics for focus of the program showed that of the 637 women who reported having a Pap test in the last year, only 20.6% actually required one. The remainder were either outside the age range or had had another test less than 30 months previously. Prevalence of not having been tested in the previous 3 years was highest among black (41.7%) and low-income women (64.3%), and among those at greatest risk for cervical cancer (62.3% for women with three or more risk factors). Focus was inversely related to socioeconomic status. CONCLUSION: Coverage rates were similar to those reported in other national studies, but this is the first report to examine the focus of the national program. We show that 8 of every 10 Pap tests were not necessary. Coverage levels remain unacceptably low among women of low socioeconomic status and those at greatest risk for cervical cancer.
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              Mass screening programmes and trends in cervical cancer in Finland and the Netherlands.

              With respect to cervical cancer management, Finland and the Netherlands are comparable in relevant characteristics, e.g., fertility rate, age-of-mother at first birth and a national screening programme for several years. The aim of this study is to compare trends in incidence of and mortality from cervical cancer in Finland and the Netherlands in relation to the introduction and intensity of the screening programmes. Therefore, incidence and mortality rates were calculated using the Cancer Registries of Finland and the Netherlands. Data on screening intensity were obtained from the Finnish Cancer Registry and the Dutch evaluation centre at ErasmusMC-Rotterdam. Women aged 30-60 have been screened every 5 years, in Finland since 1992 and in the Netherlands since 1996. Screening protocols for smear taking and referral to the gynaecologist are comparable. Incidence and mortality rates have declined more in Finland. In 2003, age-adjusted incidence and mortality in Finland were 4.0 and 0.9 and in the Netherlands 4.9 and 1.4 per 100,000 woman-years, respectively. Excess smear use in the Netherlands was estimated to be 24 per 1,000 women during a 5-year interval compared to 121 in Finland. The decline in mortality in Finland seems to be almost completely related to the screening programme whereas in the Netherlands it was initially considered to be a natural decline. Differences in risk factors might also play a role: the Netherlands has higher population density and higher percentages of immigrants and (female) smokers. The greater excess smear use in Finland might also have affected incidence.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                ress
                Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde
                Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde
                Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde - Ministério da Saúde do Brasil (Brasília, DF, Brazil )
                1679-4974
                2237-9622
                March 2017
                : 26
                : 1
                : 71-80
                Affiliations
                Teresina PI orgnameFundação Municipal de Saúde orgdiv1Diretoria Regional de Saúde Sul Brasil
                Rio de Janeiro orgnameFundação Oswaldo Cruz orgdiv1Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca Brazil
                Article
                S2237-96222017000100071 S2237-9622(17)02600100071
                10.5123/s1679-49742017000100008
                28226009

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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