0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Sexual and Developmental Differences in Peptides Regulating Growth Hormone Secretion in the Rat

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Sex differences in the hypothalamic control of growth hormone (GH) secretion were investigated by measuring rat GH-releasing factor (rGRF) and somatostatin in male and female rats. Rat GRF-like immunoreactivity (rGRF-IR) was higher in the median eminence and hypothalamic tissue outside of the median eminence of adult (90-day-old) male compared to female rats. A similiar pattern of rGRF-IR content was found in the median eminence of 35-day-old rats. This sex difference developed between days 25 and 35 of age, during which time serum concentrations of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and body weight increased in both sexes. To a lesser extent, the content of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI) was higher in the median eminence of adult female rats compared to male rats. Whole hypothalamic rGRF-IR and SLI contents were influenced only moderately by adult gonadectomy or gonadal steroid treatments. For example, estrogen increased rGRF-IR content in castrated rats, but orchidectomy alone or orchidectomy followed by testosterone did not influence rGRF-IR content. Additionally, whole hypothalamic SLI content was unaffected by orchidectomy or orchidectomy followed by testosterone or estrogen. One month after ovariectomy, rGRF-IR and SLI in whole hypothalamic fragments were similar to their respective contents in gonad-intact males. However, ovariectomy followed by estrogen or testosterone did not restore rGRF-IR content and partially restored SLI content to levels seen in gonad-intact females.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1989
          1989
          02 April 2008
          : 50
          : 3
          : 299-307
          Affiliations
          Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Mass., USA
          Article
          125237 Neuroendocrinology 1989;50:299–307
          10.1159/000125237
          2571953
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article