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      Measuring Cardiac Output in Critically III Patients: Disagreement between Thermodilution-, Calculated-, Expired Gas-, and Oxygen Consumption-Based Methods

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          Abstract

          Calculated values of oxygen consumption have been used to calculate a Fick cardiac output when thermodilution measurements are unreliable and when oxygen consumption measurements are unavailable. To determine the accuracy of these calculations, we measured cardiac output in 20 patients by four methods: (1) a reference Fick cardiac output calculated from metabolic oxygen consumption measurements and arterial-venous oxygen content difference (COmet); (2) thermodilution cardiac output (COtherm), (3) an estimated Fick cardiac output based on calculated oxygen consumption using standard equations (COcalc), and (4) an estimated Fick cardiac output using a bedside measurement of expired carbon dioxide production (COexp). The mean difference ± 95% limits of agreement between COtherm and COmet was 1.71 ± 5 liters/min. The mean difference between COcalc and COmet was -0.04 ± 3.33 liters/min. The mean difference between COexp and COmet was 0.31 ± 3.01 liters/min. On the basis of these wide confidence intervals, we conclude that (1) thermodilution and metabolic measurements of cardiac output frequently differ in critically ill patients, and (2) estimates of oxygen consumption, based on either standard equations or on expired carbon dioxide production measurements, are poor substitutes for metabolic measurements of oxygen consumption in critically ill subjects and may provide inaccurate estimates of cardiac output.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1997
          1997
          19 November 2008
          : 88
          : 1
          : 19-25
          Affiliations
          Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Pennsylvania and Hahnemann University, Philadelphia, Pa. USA
          Article
          177304 Cardiology 1997;88:19–25
          10.1159/000177304
          8960620
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Cardiac Catheterization

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