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      Circumferential Alignment of Muscle Cells in the Tunica media of the Human Brain Artery

      , ,

      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Smooth muscle, Stereology, Brain artery

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          Abstract

          Our purpose was to measure how structurally coordinated is the network of muscle cells in the brain artery. Vessels from 7 autopsies were fixed with glutaraldehyde and formalin at physiologic pressure. We embedded each artery alongside a block of liver, formed into a rectangular prism, prepared it for light microscopy and stained the sections with haematoxylin and eosin (HE). The angle of cutting the arterial segments was determined with the aid of the block of liver tissue as a Cartesian reference. We measured the directional alignment of vascular smooth muscle using the centrally located nucleus as a vector of orientation. The end coordinates of the profiles of the nuclei (appearing dark with the HE stain) were recorded on a digitizer tablet, and analysis was done as suggested by a previous modelling study. The method provides an average alignment from the collective measurements on the hundreds of nuclei in each histological section. Data from 10 arteries (approximately 22,000 nuclei) from 17 sections showed that brain arteries have highly oriented medial muscle cells aligned circumferentially (average magnitude of 1.3 ± [SD] 1.5 ° from true cross section), with a helical variation (along the artery) of ± 7.9 ° and a variation in the spiral direction of ± 5.4 °, i.e. a three-dimensional variation from nucleus to nucleus of ± 10 °.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1983
          1983
          19 September 2008
          : 20
          : 5
          : 221-233
          Affiliations
          Department of Biophysics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
          Article
          158475 Blood Vessels 1983;20:221–233
          10.1159/000158475
          © 1983 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 13
          Categories
          Research Paper

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