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      The Effect of Atorvastatin Treatment on Lipid Profile and Adhesion Molecule Levels in Hypercholesterolemic Patients: Relation to Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor Gene Polymorphism

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          Abstract

          Inflammation has been indicated to play a major role in the development of atherosclerosis. The beneficial effect of statins has been suggested to be related to their anti-inflammatory properties. We have studied plasma levels of soluble adhesion molecules in patients with hypercholesterolemia before and after 3 months of treatment with atorvastatin and evaluated possible relations to the mutations in low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene. In patients with no LDLR gene polymorphism (group A), lower baseline levels of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were found than in patients with LDLR gene polymorphism (group B). The soluble adhesion molecules sICAM-1, sE-selectin and sP-selectin, but not sVCAM-1 and sL-selectin, were higher in group B than in group A. sICAM-1 levels decreased in group A by 7% (p = 0.007) and in group B by 21% (p = 0.039), whereas levels of sVCAM-1 decreased in group A by 12% (p = 0.001) and in group B patients by 19% (p = 0.039). Atorvastatin did not change sE-selectin nor sP-selectin levels in group A. However, in group B, the treatment reduced E-selectin and sP-selectin levels by 39% (p = 0.007) and 24% (p = 0.007), respectively. Atorvastatin attenuates the inflammatory reaction in hypercholesterolemic patients, but in patients with LDLR gene polymorphism, this effect is more profound.

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          Most cited references 30

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          Effect of intensive compared with moderate lipid-lowering therapy on progression of coronary atherosclerosis: a randomized controlled trial.

          Statin drugs reduce both atherogenic lipoproteins and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, the optimal strategy and target level for lipid reduction remain uncertain. To compare the effect of regimens designed to produce intensive lipid lowering or moderate lipid lowering on coronary artery atheroma burden and progression. Double-blind, randomized active control multicenter trial (Reversal of Atherosclerosis with Aggressive Lipid Lowering [REVERSAL]) performed at 34 community and tertiary care centers in the United States comparing the effects of 2 different statins administered for 18 months. Intravascular ultrasound was used to measure progression of atherosclerosis. Between June 1999 and September 2001, 654 patients were randomized and received study drug; 502 had evaluable intravascular ultrasound examinations at baseline and after 18 months of treatment. Patients were randomly assigned to receive a moderate lipid-lowering regimen consisting of 40 mg of pravastatin or an intensive lipid-lowering regimen consisting of 80 mg of atorvastatin. The primary efficacy parameter was the percentage change in atheroma volume (follow-up minus baseline). Baseline low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level (mean, 150.2 mg/dL [3.89 mmol/L] in both treatment groups) was reduced to 110 mg/dL (2.85 mmol/L) in the pravastatin group and to 79 mg/dL (2.05 mmol/L) in the atorvastatin group (P<.001). C-reactive protein decreased 5.2% with pravastatin and 36.4% with atorvastatin (P<.001). The primary end point (percentage change in atheroma volume) showed a significantly lower progression rate in the atorvastatin (intensive) group (P =.02). Similar differences between groups were observed for secondary efficacy parameters, including change in total atheroma volume (P =.02), change in percentage atheroma volume (P<.001), and change in atheroma volume in the most severely diseased 10-mm vessel subsegment (P<.01). For the primary end point, progression of coronary atherosclerosis occurred in the pravastatin group (2.7%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.2% to 4.7%; P =.001) compared with baseline. Progression did not occur in the atorvastatin group (-0.4%; CI -2.4% to 1.5%; P =.98) compared with baseline. For patients with coronary heart disease, intensive lipid-lowering treatment with atorvastatin reduced progression of coronary atherosclerosis compared with pravastatin. Compared with baseline values, patients treated with atorvastatin had no change in atheroma burden, whereas patients treated with pravastatin showed progression of coronary atherosclerosis. These differences may be related to the greater reduction in atherogenic lipoproteins and C- reactive protein in patients treated with atorvastatin.
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            Effect of Statin Therapy on C-Reactive Protein Levels

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              Minimally modified low density lipoprotein induces monocyte chemotactic protein 1 in human endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2008
                August 2008
                31 March 2008
                : 111
                : 2
                : 140-146
                Affiliations
                aPoznań Medical University, Cardiac and Rehabilitation Hospital Kowanowko and bInstitute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland; cUniversity Hospital Clermont-Ferrand, Clermont-Ferrand, France
                Article
                119702 Cardiology 2008;111:140–146
                10.1159/000119702
                18376126
                © 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 7, Tables: 1, References: 39, Pages: 7
                Categories
                Original Research

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