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      Effects of a Selective Thromboxane A 2 Synthetase Inhibitor on Immune Complex Glomerulonephritis

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          Abstract

          It has been reported that agents which block the prostaglandin system inhibit the development of glomerulonephritis. However, the mechanisms of these effects are not clear. We studied the effect of a selective thromboxane A<sub>2</sub> (TXA<sub>2</sub>) synthetase inhibitor, 1-benzylimidazole (BIm), on the immune complex glomerulonephritis produced by bovine serum albumin (BSA) in New Zealand white rabbits. As the BSA nephritis developed, there was no change of creatinine (Cr), serum urea nitrogen (SUN), or creatinine clearance (Ccr), but urinary protein excretion increased almost 3-fold. Coagulation and fibrinolytic studies suggested a hypercoagulable state and increased fibrinolytic activity. Platelet aggregation showed the reduction of maximum aggregation induced by ADP and collagen. Histological examination by light microscopy, immunofiuorescence, and electron microscopy revealed glomerular polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration, mononuclear cell (MON) proliferation, and fibrin deposition. In 70% of the rabbits, IgG and C3 deposits were seen by immunofluorescene mainly in mesangial areas. The administration of BIm to BSA nephritis had no effects on Cr, SUN or Ccr, but it significantly lessened the proteinuria. The study of coagulation and fibrinolytic activity suggested a less hypercoagulable state, and more efficient fibrinolysis occurred than in the group without BIm. BIm tended to normalize platelet aggregation. It also lessened the histological PMN infiltration (p < 0.05), MON proliferation (p < 0.01), and fibrin deposition (p < 0.05). These data suggest that TxA<sub>2</sub> may play an important pathogenetic role in the development and progression of glomerulonephritis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1984
          1984
          03 December 2008
          : 36
          : 1
          : 38-45
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo; bDepartment of Internal Medicine, Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital, Yokohama, Japan
          Article
          183113 Nephron 1984;36:38–45
          10.1159/000183113
          6228742
          © 1984 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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