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      Tracing multiple sources of sediments using trace element and Nd isotope geochemistry: provenance of the Mesozoic succession in the Kutch Basin, western India

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          Abstract

          An integrated approach involving Sr–Nd isotope, trace and rare earth element analyses tracks multiple sources of the Mesozoic sediments of the Kutch Basin at the western continental margin of India. High ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) t (ratio at time of deposition), negative ε Nd and high concentrations of large-ion lithophile elements (LILEs) indicate the upper continental source. Ratios of Nb/Ta and Zr/Hf suggest sedimentary and felsic igneous sources of sediments. The moderate to high concentration of La, Th and Sc, light rare earth elements (LREE-) enrichment, weak negative Eu anomalies and the relationship between ε Nd(0) and Th/Sc indicate the dominantly felsic composition of source rocks. However, low contents of Th, low values of ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) t and depleted mantle model age T DM < 1600 Ma indicate input from a younger mafic source. Increasing concentrations of Zr, Hf and Nd isotopes and a gradual increase in mean T DM from the older to the younger formations indicate erosional unroofing at the source terrain. The increasing ( 87Sr/ 86Sr) t through time relates to increased weathering of the source rock. The overwhelmingly southwesterly palaeocurrent direction of current-generated sedimentary structures, and the mean T DM ages trace suggest source areas of the Kutch Basin to Precambrian rocks in the north and NE of this basin. The T DM ages highlight the dominance of late Palaeoproterozoic source rocks. Nd isotope composition indicates that Proterozoic rocks of Marwar Supergroup and Erinpura Granite, in particular, served as main sediment contributors for the Mesozoic sediments in Kutch. We therefore conclude that the Mesozoic sediments in the Kutch Basin are predominantly of late Palaeoproterozoic age with lesser inputs from rocks of early Mesoproterozoic and early Palaeoproterozoic age.

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          Early Proterozoic climates and plate motions inferred from major element chemistry of lutites

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            Trace metals as paleoredox and paleoproductivity proxies: An update

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                (View ORCID Profile)
                Journal
                Geological Magazine
                Geol. Mag.
                Cambridge University Press (CUP)
                0016-7568
                1469-5081
                February 2021
                June 10 2020
                February 2021
                : 158
                : 2
                : 359-374
                Article
                10.1017/S0016756820000539
                36fc1e97-6748-487b-ae06-3fbf017df6da
                © 2021

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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