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Generating Circulation Designs Using Shape Grammars

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      Shape grammars are well-known tools to explore abstract systems of shapes and their relationships. Although there has been much research on the use of shape grammars in the field of architectural styles, there has been little investigation into the concept of circulation using shape grammars. Circulation is a tool used in architecture and interior design and is formed by connecting the points left by the movement of human beings through indoor or outdoor spaces. This study shows that shape grammars are also helpful in this particular field by presenting how a parametric shape grammar is applied to generate circulation designs, and the system automatically generates four basic types of complex circulations. According to the specific conditions andrequirements of each commercial space, different forms of circulation can be specified and generated.

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      Author and article information

      ∙ Chao Li, Lei Jiang, Fanrui Sun, and Kang Zhang are with School of Computer Software, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300350, China. E-mail: adc_lichao@ ; laylajiang@ ;
      Author notes
      * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail:; kzhang@ .

      Kang Zhang is a professor and director of Visual Computing Lab at Tianjin University, and a professor of Arts and Technology at University of Texas. He received the BS degree from University of Electronic Science and Technology of China in 1982, PhD degree from University of Brighton in 1990, and Executive MBA degree from University of Texas in 2011. Prior to joining UT-Dallas, he held academic positions in UK, Australia, and China. His current research interests include generative art, visual languages, aesthetic computing, and software engineering. He has published 7 books, over 80 journal papers, and 160 conference papers in these areas. He is an ACM distinguished speaker, and has delivered keynotes and invited speeches at various conferences. He is a senior editorial board member of Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, area editor of International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, and on the editorial boards of Journal of Big Data, Visual Computer, International Journal of Advanced Intelligence, and Journal of Software. His home page is kzhang.

      Chao Li received the MS degree from Tianjin University, Tianjin, China, in 2018. His research interests generally focus on shape grammar and graph grammar.

      Lei Jiang received the BS and MS degrees from Donghua University, Shanghai, China, in 2008 and 2011, respectively. Since 2015 she has been working towards the PhD degree in software engineering at Tianjin University. Her current research interests include information visualization, virtual reality, and eye-tracking technology.

      Fanrui Sun received the BS degree from Tianjin University in 2016. Since 2016 she has been working towards the MS degree at New York University. Her research interests focus on big data and information visualization.

      Tsinghua Science and Technology
      Tsinghua University Press (Xueyan Building, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China )
      05 December 2018
      : 23
      : 6
      : 680-689
      10.26599/TST.2018.9010009 1007-0214-23-6-680


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