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      Effects of Tetrodotoxin on Osmotically Stimulated Central and Peripheral Vasopressin and Oxytocin Release

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          Abstract

          Tetrodotoxin (TTX) was used to (1) distinguish between axonal and dendritic/ somatic release of vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) within the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and (2) to determine whether neuronal inputs trigger intranuclear peptide release in the response to osmotic stimulation. Microdialysis was used to administer TTX (10<sup>-6</sup> M or 10<sup>–4</sup> M) bilaterally into the SON with simultaneous monitoring of central and peripheral peptide release and mean arterial pressure in urethane-anesthetized male rats. Osmotic stimuli were given via the microdialysis probe (1 M NaCl-artificial CSF) or injected intraperitoneally (3.5 M NaCl; 600 µl/100 g b.w.) SON perfusion with TTX did not alter basal intranuclear VP or OT release or the intranuclear peptide response to direct NaCl stimulation of the SON. However, TTX treatment abolished the effect of peripheral osmotic stimulation on central peptide release. Basal plasma peptide levels were significantly reduced by TTX, e.g. decreases of 94.8 and 75.8% for VP and OT, respectively. TTX also blocked the peripheral endocrine and cardiovascular reponses to both modes of osmotic stimulation. The TTX insensitivity of directly stimulated intranuclear release suggests non-synaptic peptide release from dendrites and/or cell bodies. The ability of TTX to abolish the central peptide response to systemic osmotic stimulation demonstrates that intranuclear release is a part of a cascade produced by osmotic activation of multisynaptic pathways.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1995
          1995
          09 April 2008
          : 62
          : 6
          : 619-627
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Bowman Gray School of Medicine of Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, N.C., USA
          Article
          127058 Neuroendocrinology 1995;62:619–627
          10.1159/000127058
          8751288
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Vasopressin and Oxytocin

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