Blog
About

  • Record: found
  • Abstract: not found
  • Article: not found

A synthetic polymer system with repeatable chemical recyclability

Read this article at

ScienceOpenPublisher
Bookmark
      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

      Related collections

      Most cited references 52

      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Physico-mechanical properties of degradable polymers used in medical applications: a comparative study.

       J Köhn,  I Engelberg (1991)
      The physico-mechanical properties of degradable polymers used for medical applications have been characterized. The following polymers were included in this study: three samples of poly(ortho esters) derived from 3,9-bis(ethylidene 2,4,8,10-tetraoxaspiro[5,5]undecane) and various ratios of 1,6-hexanediol and trans-cyclohexane dimethanol, poly(glycolic acid), six samples of poly(L-lactic acid) and poly(D,L-lactic acid) with mol wt from 21,000 to 550,000, poly(epsilon-caprolactone), poly(beta-hydroxybutyrate) and three copolymers of beta-hydroxybutyric acid and various amounts of hydroxyvaleric acid, one sample each of two different types of poly(anhydrides), poly(trimethylene carbonate) and two different poly(imino-carbonates). For each polymer, the thermal properties (glass transition temperature, crystallization, melting and decomposition points) were determined by differential scanning calorimetry and by thermogravimetric analysis. The tensile properties (Young's modulus, tensile strength and elongation at yield and break) were determined by tensile testing on an Instron stress-strain tester. The flexural storage modulus as a function of temperature was determined by dynamic mechanical analysis.
        Bookmark
        • Record: found
        • Abstract: found
        • Article: not found

        An "endless" route to cyclic polymers.

        A new synthetic route to cyclic polymers has been developed in which the ends of growing polymer chains remain attached to a metal complex throughout the entire polymerization process. The approach eliminates the need for linear polymeric precursors and high dilution, drawbacks of traditional macrocyclization strategies, and it effectively removes the barrier to producing large quantities of pure cyclic material. Ultimately, the strategy offers facile access to a unique macromolecular scaffold that may be used to meet the increasing demand of new applications for commercial polymers. As a demonstration of its potential utility, cyclic polyethylenes were prepared and found to exhibit a variety of physical properties that were distinguishable from their linear analogs.
          Bookmark
          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Ring-opening polymerization of lactide with group 3 metal complexes supported by dianionic alkoxy-amino-bisphenolate ligands: combining high activity, productivity, and selectivity.

          A series of new alkoxy-amino-bis(phenols) (H2L 1-6) has been synthesized by Mannich condensations of substituted phenols, formaldehyde, and amino ethers or diamines. The coordination properties of these dianionic ligands towards yttrium, lanthanum, and neodymium have been studied. The resulting Group 3 metal complexes have been used as initiators for the ring-opening polymerization of rac-lactide to provide poly(lactic acid)s (PLAs). The polymerizations are living, as evidenced by the narrow polydispersities of the isolated polymers, together with the linear natures of number average molecular weight versus conversion plots and monomer-to-catalyst ratios. Complex [Y(L6){N(SiHMe2)2}(THF)] (17) polymerized rac-lactide to heterotactic PLA (Pr = 0.90 at 20 degrees C) and meso-lactide to syndiotactic PLA (Pr = 0.75 at 20 degrees C). The in situ formation of [Y(L6)(OiPr)(THF)] (18) from 17 and 2-propanol resulted in narrower molecular weight distributions (PDI = 1.06). With complex 18, highly heterotactic PLAs with narrow molecular weight distributions were obtained with high activities and productivities at room temperature. The natures of the ligand substituents were shown to have a significant influence on the degree of control of the polymerizations, and in particular on the tacticity of the polymer.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            Science
            Science
            American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
            0036-8075
            1095-9203
            April 26 2018
            April 26 2018
            April 27 2018
            : 360
            : 6387
            : 398-403
            10.1126/science.aar5498
            © 2018

            http://www.sciencemag.org/about/science-licenses-journal-article-reuse

            Comments

            Comment on this article