Among the treasures of Chinese art, ethnic dance is an important part. As a key form of expression of national art and emotion, dance has strong regional and gender characteristics for those affected by different ethnic groups and regions. The unique characteristics of the region are the driving force for the masses of all ethnic groups in China to continuously promote the prosperity and development of ethnic and folk dances living alone in different living conditions and living environments. In the analysis of ethnic and folk dances, environmental elements have a profound impact on the rapid development of dance. The main reason for folk dance is the relationship between the costumes of the dance, the connotation of the dance, and the laws of nature, resulting in the derivation of the environment. The article will also focus on a more in-depth discussion and analysis of the characteristics of Chinese folk dance. Scientific research on the regionality of ethnic dance plays a vital role in understanding and inheriting ethnic and folk dances.