Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: not found
      • Article: not found

      Development of a teicoplanin loading regimen that rapidly achieves target serum concentrations in critically ill patients with severe infections

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          We performed high-dose loading (12 mg/kg every 12 h for 48 h; 4 doses total) of teicoplanin (TEIC) in patients with severe methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections, with the goal of achieving target serum concentration (TEICc) ≥ 15 mg/l within 48 h of starting administration. The safety and effectiveness of the fixed, early-stage administration method were evaluated across a range of kidney dysfunction severity levels. TEIC high-dose loading was administered to 106 patients with MRSA infection from February 2010 to February 2013. After high-dose loading, maintenance doses based on therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of TEICc were administered via 30-min intravenous drips, every 24 h. Subjects were divided into 4 groups based on kidney function and renal replacement therapy (RRT) status for safety and effectiveness evaluation: group 1 (G1) did not undergo RRT and exhibited creatinine clearance (Ccr; ml/min/m(2)) >50, group 2 (G2) exhibited Ccr ≤ 50, group 3 (G3) underwent continuous RRT (CRRT), and group 4 (G4) underwent intermittent RRT (IRRT). TEICc was measured after 24, 48, 72, and 144 h, immediately before TEIC administration. Target TEICc was reached in all groups, and bacteriological effectiveness and utility were high in G1, G2, and G3. The maximum TEICc (≥ 28.0 mg/l) and serum albumin (≤ 1.84 g/dl) were associated with organ toxicity. Fixed high-dose loading of TEIC achieved the target therapeutic range (≥ 15 mg/l) within 48 h of the start of administration regardless of kidney dysfunction, and exhibited sufficient utility.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy
          Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy
          Elsevier BV
          1341321X
          June 2015
          June 2015
          : 21
          : 6
          : 449-455
          Article
          10.1016/j.jiac.2015.02.002
          25726436
          © 2015

          Comments

          Comment on this article