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      A review of methods and databases for metagenomic classification and assembly

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      Briefings in Bioinformatics

      Oxford University Press (OUP)

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          Abstract

          Microbiome research has grown rapidly over the past decade, with a proliferation of new methods that seek to make sense of large, complex data sets. Here, we survey two of the primary types of methods for analyzing microbiome data: read classification and metagenomic assembly, and we review some of the challenges facing these methods. All of the methods rely on public genome databases, and we also discuss the content of these databases and how their quality has a direct impact on our ability to interpret a microbiome sample.

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          Most cited references 130

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          Basic local alignment search tool.

          A new approach to rapid sequence comparison, basic local alignment search tool (BLAST), directly approximates alignments that optimize a measure of local similarity, the maximal segment pair (MSP) score. Recent mathematical results on the stochastic properties of MSP scores allow an analysis of the performance of this method as well as the statistical significance of alignments it generates. The basic algorithm is simple and robust; it can be implemented in a number of ways and applied in a variety of contexts including straightforward DNA and protein sequence database searches, motif searches, gene identification searches, and in the analysis of multiple regions of similarity in long DNA sequences. In addition to its flexibility and tractability to mathematical analysis, BLAST is an order of magnitude faster than existing sequence comparison tools of comparable sensitivity.
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            Fast gapped-read alignment with Bowtie 2.

            As the rate of sequencing increases, greater throughput is demanded from read aligners. The full-text minute index is often used to make alignment very fast and memory-efficient, but the approach is ill-suited to finding longer, gapped alignments. Bowtie 2 combines the strengths of the full-text minute index with the flexibility and speed of hardware-accelerated dynamic programming algorithms to achieve a combination of high speed, sensitivity and accuracy.
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              Is Open Access

              Trimmomatic: a flexible trimmer for Illumina sequence data

              Motivation: Although many next-generation sequencing (NGS) read preprocessing tools already existed, we could not find any tool or combination of tools that met our requirements in terms of flexibility, correct handling of paired-end data and high performance. We have developed Trimmomatic as a more flexible and efficient preprocessing tool, which could correctly handle paired-end data. Results: The value of NGS read preprocessing is demonstrated for both reference-based and reference-free tasks. Trimmomatic is shown to produce output that is at least competitive with, and in many cases superior to, that produced by other tools, in all scenarios tested. Availability and implementation: Trimmomatic is licensed under GPL V3. It is cross-platform (Java 1.5+ required) and available at http://www.usadellab.org/cms/index.php?page=trimmomatic Contact: usadel@bio1.rwth-aachen.de Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Briefings in Bioinformatics
                Oxford University Press (OUP)
                1467-5463
                1477-4054
                September 23 2017
                September 23 2017
                Article
                10.1093/bib/bbx120
                6781581
                29028872
                © 2017

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