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      High-Protein Diet or Unilateral Nephrectomy Induces a Humoral Factor(s) that Enhances Mesangial Cell Proliferation in Culture

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          Abstract

          Background: A high-protein diet is one of the maneuvers which produce hypertrophy of kidney mass. The underlying mechanism(s) has not been elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the possibility that a humoral factor may be involved. Methods: Twenty-eight 3-week-old Charles River rats were studied. Fourteen underwent right nephrectomy and 14 sham operation. Each of these groups was divided into two equal subgroups (n = 7 in each): one maintained on a regular diet (20% protein) and the other on a high-protein diet (60% protein) for 7 days. Following this period the animals were sacrificed. Sera from the animals were added to mesangial cell cultures from kidneys of intact 3-week-old rats, and the thymidine incorporation was assessed. Results: The parameters of kidney mass indicated that the high-protein diet indeed produced kidney hypertrophy. Sera from the sham-nephrectomized animals fed a high-protein diet produced a significantly greater proliferative effect on mesangial cells in culture than sera from the respective animals on a normal-protein diet. Sera from either nephrectomized group or from the high-protein sham-operated group all had similar magnitudes of enhancement of mesangial cell proliferation. Conclusion: We conclude that the renal hypertrophy produced by a high-protein diet is mediated, at least in part, by a humoral factor(s).

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1998
          June 1998
          27 May 1998
          : 79
          : 2
          : 201-205
          Affiliations
          Nephrology Division, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Affiliated to Sackler Medical School of Tel Aviv University, Zerifin, Israel
          Article
          45025 Nephron 1998;79:201–205
          10.1159/000045025
          9647501
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 2, References: 18, Pages: 5
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45025
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          High-protein diet, Mesangial cells, Renal growth

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