The 11-gauge vacuum suction probe is an alternative to the 14-gauge needle and automatic gun for performing stereotactic core needle biopsies. This study compares rebiopsy rates after stereotactic core needle biopsies that were performed with the two methods. The study also assesses the outcomes of those repeat biopsies. Five hundred ninety-two stereotactic core needle biopsies using a 14-gauge needle and automatic gun and 354 using an 11-gauge vacuum suction probe were performed consecutively. Excluding malignancies, the number of cases requiring rebiopsy and the reasons for rebiopsy were determined for each group. The histologic diagnoses of the repeat biopsies were assessed. The rebiopsy rate was significantly lower with the 11-gauge vacuum suction probe (9.0%) than with the 14-gauge needle and automatic gun (14.9%) (p = .013). Significant reductions were found in cases of insufficient sampling (probe, 1.7%; needle, 4.4%; p = .042) and mammographic-pathologic discrepancy (probe, 0.8%; needle, 3.4%; p = .026). The rebiopsy rate for masses was 6.1% with the vacuum probe versus 10.7% with the 14-gauge needle (p = .12) and for calcifications was 11.6% with the vacuum probe versus 23.7% with the 14-gauge needle (p = .003). After rebiopsy, the percentage of cases in which malignancy was found was 18.5% with the vacuum probe versus 13.7% with the 14-gauge needle. On rebiopsy, the percentage of malignancies found in each category were atypical hyperplasia: probe 26.7%, needle 20.0%; insufficient sample: probe 0%, needle 9.5%; pathologist recommendation: probe 50.0%, needle 12.5%; and lobular carcinoma in situ: probe 0%, needle 100%. Use of the 11-gauge vacuum-assisted device significantly decreases but does not eliminate the need for rebiopsy after stereotactic core needle biopsy. The rebiopsy rate for calcifications was significantly reduced by using the vacuum suction probe rather than the 14-gauge needle; however, the rate for masses was reduced only slightly. On rebiopsy, malignancies were found in both groups.