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      Variabilidad espacial en la estructura de la ictiofauna asociada a praderas de Cymodocea nodosa en las Islas Canarias, Atlántico nororiental subtropical Translated title: Spatial variability in the structure of the ichthyofauna associated with Cymodocea nodosa seagrass meadows across the Canary Islands, north-eastern subtropical Atlantic

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          Abstract

          El conocimiento de los patrones de variabilidad espacial de las comunidades de peces es de especial relevancia para una adecuada gestión de estos recursos marinos. Con el objetivo de: (i) analizar la variabilidad espacial en la estructura (riqueza, abundancia y diversidad) de la ictiofauna asociada a praderas marinas de Cymodocea nodosa en el Archipiélago Canario y (ii) conocer cómo la complejidad estructural de este hábitat afecta a la comunidad de peces, se realizaron 36 arrastres en seis praderas (separadas por 10 km) en tres islas (separadas por 100 km). Se registraron un total de 3.616 individuos pertenecientes a 30 especies y 15 familias. La longitud total de ca. 95% de los individuos fue < 10 cm y ca. 90% fueron juveniles. La variabilidad espacial en la estructura de la comunidad asociada a escala de praderas fue superior que a escala de islas (27,28% vs. 6,64% de la variabilidad total); la menor escala (e.g., variabilidad entre arrastres dentro de cada pradera), acumuló la mayor parte de la variabilidad (66,07%). Las diferencias en la estructura de la comunidad entre praderas se debieron a cambios en la abundancia de determinadas especies, como Diplodus annularis, Spondyliosoma cantharus, Mullus surmuletus y Symphodus trutta, que usan las praderas como lugares de reclutamiento, confirmando el papel de guardería que juega este hábitat en Canarias. La densidad media de pies y la variación en la altura del estrato foliar fueron los parámetros estructurales que más afectaron la estructura de la comunidad de ictiofauna.

          Translated abstract

          A description of the patterns in spatial variability of fish assemblages is particularly relevant to guarantee an adequate management of these marine resources. Thirty six trawls were considered on six seagrass meadows (10 km apart) in three islands (100 km apart) of the Canary Islands to (i) analyze the spatial variability in the structure (richness, abundance and diversity) of fish assemblages associated with Cymodocea nodosa seagrass meadows, and to (ii) assess how the structural complexity of this habitat affects fish assemblage structure. A total of 3,616 fishes were captured, belonging to 30 species and 15 families. The total length of ca. 95% of individuals was < 10 cm, and ca. 90% of individuals were juveniles. Spatial variability in fish assemblage structure was larger when considering the scale of meadows than the scale of islands (27.28% vs. 6.64% respectively, in the amount of explained total variability); the smallest spatial scale (i.e., the variability among replicated trawls within each seagrass meadow) accumulated the largest amount of variability (66.07%). Differences in fish assemblage structure were largely driven by changes in the abundance of a few species, including Diplodus annularis, Spondyliosoma cantharus, Mullus surmuletus and Symphodus trutta. These species recruited into seagrass meadows, and confirmed the nursery role of this habitat in the canarian coastal waters. Mean shoot density and variation of the seagrass canopy height were the descriptors that accounted for the most variability when explaining patterns in fish assemblage structure.

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          Most cited references 71

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          A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance

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            A review of ecological studies on seagrass—fish communities, with particular reference to recent studies in Australia

             D.A. Pollard (1984)
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              Importance of local changes in leaf height and density to fish and decapods associated with seagrasses

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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Spain
                [2 ] Universidad de la Habana Cuba
                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                revbiolmar
                Revista de biología marina y oceanografía
                Rev. biol. mar. oceanogr.
                Universidad de Valparaíso. Facultad de Ciencias del Mar (Valparaíso )
                0718-1957
                December 2011
                : 46
                : 3
                : 391-403
                S0718-19572011000300009
                10.4067/S0718-19572011000300009

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Chile
                Categories
                MARINE & FRESHWATER BIOLOGY
                OCEANOGRAPHY

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