In patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) complicated by acute kidney injury (AKI) has an acute onset and seriously affects the prognosis of patients. The inflammatory factors are still in doubt in the diagnosis of AECOPD with AKI.
This study is a retrospective study. By collecting the plasma concentrations of inflammatory factors IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-17, and NGAL in patients with AECOPD group, AECOPD plus AKI group, and control group. The expression level of each factor among the three different groups was analyzed, and the correlation of each factor was analyzed. The diagnostic value of each factor in patients with AECOPD combined with AKI was tested.
A total of 245 cases of AECOPD, 69 cases of AECOPD with AKI, and 50 healthy control group were included in this study. IFN-γ and IL-4 were differentially expressed among the three groups (P <0.001). However, there was no difference between the AECOPD group and the AECOPD + AKI group (P = 0.153, and 0.070, respectively). The expression of IL-2, IL-10, IL-17, and NGAL in the three groups were different, and there are statistical differences in pairwise comparisons. (all P values are <0.001). The univariate analysis showed that NGAL and IL-10 with the best correlation (r = 0.696). The ROC curve shows that IL-10 and NGAL have better diagnostic value for AECOPD with AKI.