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wFleaBase: the Daphnia genome database

, 1 , 2 , 3

BMC Bioinformatics

BioMed Central

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      Abstract

      BackgroundwFleaBase is a database with the necessary infrastructure to curate, archive and share genetic, molecular and functional genomic data and protocols for an emerging model organism, the microcrustacean Daphnia. Commonly known as the water-flea, Daphnia's ecological merit is unequaled among metazoans, largely because of its sentinel role within freshwater ecosystems and over 200 years of biological investigations. By consequence, the Daphnia Genomics Consortium (DGC) has launched an interdisciplinary research program to create the resources needed to study genes that affect ecological and evolutionary success in natural environments.DiscussionThese tools include the genome database wFleaBase, which currently contains functions to search and extract information from expressed sequenced tags, genome survey sequences and full genome sequencing projects. This new database is built primarily from core components of the Generic Model Organism Database project, and related bioinformatics tools.SummaryOver the coming year, preliminary genetic maps and the nearly complete genomic sequence of Daphnia pulex will be integrated into wFleaBase, including gene predictions and ortholog assignments based on sequence similarities with eukaryote genes of known function. wFleaBase aims to serve a large ecological and evolutionary research community. Our challenge is to rapidly expand its content and to ultimately integrate genetic and functional genomic information with population-level responses to environmental challenges. URL: .

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      Most cited references 12

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      The generic genome browser: a building block for a model organism system database.

      The Generic Model Organism System Database Project (GMOD) seeks to develop reusable software components for model organism system databases. In this paper we describe the Generic Genome Browser (GBrowse), a Web-based application for displaying genomic annotations and other features. For the end user, features of the browser include the ability to scroll and zoom through arbitrary regions of a genome, to enter a region of the genome by searching for a landmark or performing a full text search of all features, and the ability to enable and disable tracks and change their relative order and appearance. The user can upload private annotations to view them in the context of the public ones, and publish those annotations to the community. For the data provider, features of the browser software include reliance on readily available open source components, simple installation, flexible configuration, and easy integration with other components of a model organism system Web site. GBrowse is freely available under an open source license. The software, its documentation, and support are available at http://www.gmod.org.
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        Rapid, local adaptation of zooplankton behavior to changes in predation pressure in the absence of neutral genetic changes.

        Organisms producing resting stages provide unique opportunities for reconstructing the genetic history of natural populations. Diapausing seeds and eggs often are preserved in large numbers, representing entire populations captured in an evolutionary inert state for decades and even centuries. Starting from a natural resting egg bank of the waterflea Daphnia, we compare the evolutionary rates of change in an adaptive quantitative trait with those in selectively neutral DNA markers, thus effectively testing whether the observed genetic changes in the quantitative trait are driven by natural selection. The population studied experienced variable and well documented levels of fish predation over the past 30 years and shows correlated genetic changes in phototactic behavior, a predator-avoidance trait that is related to diel vertical migration. The changes mainly involve an increased plasticity response upon exposure to predator kairomone, the direction of the changes being in agreement with the hypothesis of adaptive evolution. Genetic differentiation through time was an order of magnitude higher for the studied behavioral trait than for neutral markers (DNA microsatellites), providing strong evidence that natural selection was the driving force behind the observed, rapid, evolutionary changes.
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          Integrating biological databases.

           Karen Stein (2003)
          Recent years have seen an explosion in the amount of available biological data. More and more genomes are being sequenced and annotated, and protein and gene interaction data are accumulating. Biological databases have been invaluable for managing these data and for making them accessible. Depending on the data that they contain, the databases fulfil different functions. But, although they are architecturally similar, so far their integration has proved problematic.
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ]Center for Genomics and Bioinformatics, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana USA
            [2 ]School of Informatics, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana USA
            [3 ]Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana USA
            Contributors
            Journal
            BMC Bioinformatics
            BMC Bioinformatics
            BioMed Central (London )
            1471-2105
            2005
            7 March 2005
            : 6
            : 45
            555599
            1471-2105-6-45
            15752432
            10.1186/1471-2105-6-45
            Copyright © 2005 Colbourne et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

            This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

            Categories
            Database

            Bioinformatics & Computational biology

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