0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Pigment Epithelial Detachments with Retinal Vascular Anomalous Complex in Age-Related Macular Degeneration

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Purpose: To analyze and compare the angiographic features of retinal vascular anomalous complex (RVAC) in patients with a vascularized pigment epithelial detachment (PED) secondary to age-related macular degeneration. Methods: Retrospective evaluation of fluorescein and indocyanine green angiographies of 180 patients with occult choroidal neovascularization and PED. Results: On indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), RVAC demonstrated as a focal hyperfluorescence in connection with retinal choroidal anastomosis was identified in 12 of the 180 eyes (6.7%) with a vascularized PED. In comparison, fluorescein angiography revealed RVAC in 6 of the 12 eyes. Associated clinical and angiographic features were intraretinal hemorrhage in all 12 eyes, cystoid macular edema in 6 eyes and preretinal hemorrhage in 4 eyes. Conclusions: RVAC is better delineated on ICGA than on fluorescein angiography. In clinically suspected cases with a vascularized PED in connection with intraretinal hemorrhage and/or cystoid macular edema, ICGA should be performed to enhance management considerations.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 6

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Age-related macular degeneration

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            RETINAL ANGIOMATOUS PROLIFERATION IN AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Retinal choroidal anastomoses and occult choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration.

              This study was designed to identify the incidence of retinal choroidal anastomoses in patients with occult choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and focal hot spots on indocyanine green (ICG) angiography, to identify the clinical and angiographic features that would assist in their identification, and to determine if the presence of these anastomotic lesions affect the outcome of laser therapy. Combined prospective and retrospective cross-sectional study. One hundred fifty consecutive patients with newly diagnosed occult CNV secondary to exudative age-related macular degeneration and focal hot spots on ICG angiography were evaluated prospectively. In addition, a retrospective review was performed on 79 eyes previously reported to have undergone laser photocoagulation treatment with ICG guidance. METHODS AND TESTING: In all cases, stereo color and red-free photographs, and stereo fluorescein and digital ICG angiograms were obtained for evaluation. Images obtained by all four techniques were evaluated for the presence of a retinal choroidal anastomosis. Associated clinical and angiographic findings were noted. In the retrospective review, the success rate of laser treatment was correlated with the presence or absence of a retinal choroidal anastomosis. Of the 150 eyes evaluated prospectively, 31 (21%) were found to have a retinal choroidal anastomosis. Retinal choroidal anastomoses were found in 27% of patients with associated serous pigment epithelial detachment (PED), whereas 13% were found in those without an associated elevation of the retinal pigment epithelium. Seventy-one percent of eyes had multiple anastomotic connections. Ninety percent of eyes had at least one retinal vein involved in the anastomotic connection. Clinical evidence of preretinal and intraretinal hemorrhage and cystic edema coupled with angiographic evidence of intraretinal dye leakage were key features of retinal choroidal anastomoses. In the retrospective review, seven patients were found to have retinal choroidal anastomoses with associated serous PED and demonstrated a very low (14%) success rate for laser treatment. Retinal choroidal anastomoses can present as a primary manifestation of the exudative process in age-related macular degeneration. They may be seen in eyes with and without detachment of the retinal pigment epithelium. Specific clinical and angiographic features have been identified that can aid in the diagnosis of these vascular anomalies. Their presence represents a poor prognostic sign for successful ICG-guided laser treatment.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                OPH
                Ophthalmologica
                10.1159/issn.0030-3755
                Ophthalmologica
                S. Karger AG
                0030-3755
                1423-0267
                2005
                October 2005
                01 September 2005
                : 219
                : 5
                : 303-308
                Affiliations
                University Eye Clinic Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany
                Article
                86116 Ophthalmologica 2005;219:303–308
                10.1159/000086116
                16123558
                © 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 1, References: 13, Pages: 6
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Comments

                Comment on this article