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      Stimulation of Hepatocyte Growth Factor in Human Acute Renal Failure

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          Abstract

          Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a potent mitogen for tubular cells. Experimental injury to the kidney is associated with HGF release both locally and by distant organs stimulated by circulating ‘injurins’. In this study, the serum HGF concentration was measured in patients with acute renal failure (ARF). Normal subjects and chronic renal failure patients either not on dialysis or on regular dialysis treatment served as controls. Human mesangial cells were incubated with sera from ARF patients and controls. The serum HGF concentration was strikingly increased in ARF patients (478 ± 68 ng/dl) and was normal in chronic renal failure patients not on dialysis (20 ± 3 ng/dl) and in those on regular dialysis treatment (25 ± 3 ng/dl). Serum of ARF patients strongly stimulated HGF release from mesangial cells (1,384 ± 55 ng/ml) in comparison with normal serum (67 ± 10 ng/ml). These results indicate that in ARF HGF participates in tubular repair both as an endocrine factor, released in the circulation, and as a paracrine substance, diffusing to the tubules from the mesangium.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Hepatocyte growth factor is a potent angiogenic factor which stimulates endothelial cell motility and growth

          Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF, also known as Scatter Factor) is a powerful mitogen or motility factor in different cells, acting through the tyrosine kinase receptor encoded by the MET protooncogene. Endothelial cells express the MET gene and expose at the cell surface the mature protein (p190MET) made of a 50 kD (alpha) subunit disulfide linked to a 145-kD (beta) subunit. HGF binding to endothelial cells identifies two sites with different affinities. The higher affinity binding site (Kd = 0.35 nM) corresponds to the p190MET receptor. Sub- nanomolar concentrations of HGF, but not of a recombinant inactive precursor, stimulate the receptor kinase activity, cell proliferation and motility. HGF induces repairs of a wound in endothelial cell monolayer. HGF stimulates the scatter of endothelial cells grown on three-dimensional collagen gels, inducing an elongated phenotype. In the rabbit cornea, highly purified HGF promotes neovascularization at sub-nanomolar concentrations. HGF lacks activities related to hemostasis-thrombosis, inflammation and endothelial cells accessory functions. These data show that HGF is an in vivo potent angiogenic factor and in vitro induces endothelial cells to proliferate and migrate.
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            • Record: found
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            Hepatocyte growth factor: a multifunctional cytokine

             P Boros,  C.M. Miller (1995)
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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              1998
              September 1998
              04 September 1998
              : 80
              : 1
              : 41-45
              Affiliations
              Unità di Nefrologia e Dialisi, Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Nefrologia, Università e IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italia
              Article
              45123 Nephron 1998;80:41–45
              10.1159/000045123
              9730701
              © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 2, Tables: 2, References: 25, Pages: 5
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45123
              Categories
              Original Paper

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