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      Cast Nephropathy in a Case of Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

      a , b

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Renal biopsy, Cast nephropathy, Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia

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          Abstract

          Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia is a low-grade lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma characterized by a circulating monoclonal IgM. The clinical manifestations are due to deposition of IgM in liver, spleen, and/or lymph nodes. Related symptoms include anemia and complications of the hyperviscosity syndrome. Renal involvement in classical cases of Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia is rare, and the pathological hallmark finding in the renal biopsy specimen is a thrombotic microangiopathy. We report the case of a 73-year-old female with the diagnosis of pernicious anemia for 2 years before she presented with acute renal failure. A renal biopsy performed suggested the diagnosis of myeloma cast nephropathy. However, bone marrow biopsy specimens and hematological studies did not support this diagnosis. Serum and urinary protein electrophoresis revealed a monoclonal lambda subtype IgM. Ultrasound imaging showed an enlarged spleen. The diagnosis of cast nephropathy in a patient with Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia was made. She underwent treatment with fludarabine and plasmapheresis/hemodyalisis with dramatic improvement of her renal function.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Waldenstr�m's macroglobulinemia

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            IgM myeloma: case report with immunophenotypic profile.

            Immunoglobulin (Ig)M myeloma is a distinct subtype of multiple myeloma (MM) displaying clinical and pathologic features of both MM and Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM). Although the immunophenotypic characteristics of classic MM and WM have been reported, the surface antigen expression of IgM myeloma has not been reported. We report a case of IgM myeloma and describe its immunophenotypic profile using flow cytometry. The cells showed a hybrid MM-WM phenotype, strongly expressing CD38 but lacking CD45 and DR, typical for plasma cells; however, pan-B cell antigens CD20 and FMC7 as well as weak monoclonal surface Ig also were positive, resembling B-cell lymphoproliferative malignancies. Discordant B-cell antigen expression was present, in that pan-B antigens CD19 and CD22 were absent. In addition, B-cell activation antigen CD23, early B-precursor antigen CD10, and pan-T antigen CD5 were not expressed. Although CD20 and weak surface Ig expression have been reported in MM, FMC7 positivity has not been seen. The data therefore suggest that IgM myeloma may have a unique phenotype with characteristics of both MM and WM.
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              Waldenstr�m's macroglobulinemia

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                2002
                July 2002
                01 July 2002
                : 91
                : 3
                : 512-515
                Affiliations
                aUniversity of Utah Health Science Center and ARUP Laboratories, Salt Lake City, Utah, and bLouisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport, La., USA
                Article
                64299 Nephron 2002;91:512–515
                10.1159/000064299
                12119489
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, References: 13, Pages: 4
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/64299
                Categories
                Case Report

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