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      Review of the Hormiini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with a description of new taxa

      Journal of Natural History

      Informa UK Limited

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          Classification of the ichneumon flies, or the superfamily Ichneumonoidea

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            A NEW CLASSIFICATION OF THE BRACONIDAE (HYMENOPTERA) BASED ON THE CEPHALIC STRUCTURES OF THE FINAL INSTAR LARVA AND BIOLOGICAL EVIDENCE

             M. Capek (1970)
            The cephalic structures of the final instar larva of 278 species of 140 genera of Braconidae were examined. On the basis of these and biological data, modifications are proposed in the classification of the higher categories. Zele (Helconinae) and Eubadizon (Blacinae) are placed in the Macrocentrinae (endoparasites of larval Lepidoptera) and Meteoridea is moved from the Helconinae and ranked as an independent subfamily. The Blacinae is completely dismembered: Aliolus , Triaspis , Urosigalphus , Blacus , and Calyptus form a tribe of the Helconinae (endoparasites of larval Coleoptera); Microtypus , Orgilus , and Stantonia form a tribe of the Agathidinae (endoparasites of larval Lepidoptera); and Pygostolus , Centistes , and Syrrhizus a subfamily near Euphorinae with Cosmophorus (endoparasites of adult Coleoptera). Present genera of Microgasterinae are separated into two tribes with the addition of the Cardiochilini as a third tribe. The Dacnusinae is reduced to a tribe of the Alysiinae. The Rogadinae is reduced to one tribe, Rogadini, containing only Rogas and allied genera (endoparasites of larval Lepidoptera). Rhyssalus is transferred to the Hecabolini, and Exothecini, Pambolini, Hormiini, and ectoparasitic Rogadini to the Braconinae (ectoparasites of larval Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, etc.). The problematic genus Gnaptodon is also placed in the Braconinae.
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              CLASSIFICATION OF THE BRACONID SUBFAMILY OPIINAE (HYMENOPTERA)

              The tribal and subtribal structure of the braconid subfamily Opiinae is dismantled, and several changes in the generic classification are made. Thoracoplites Fischer and Aspilodemon Fischer are removed from the Opiinae. Utetes Foerster and Pseudorhinoplus Fischer are elevated to generic rank and Bracanastrepha Brèthes is treated as a subgenus of Utetes . Five generic names currently in use are treated as synonyms of Opius Wesmael, Rhinoplus Foerster is synonymized with Biosteres Foerster, and Kephalosema Fischer is synonymized with Hydrangeocola Brèthes. Relationships of species groups formerly included in the subtribe Biosterina are discussed in phylogenetic terms. Résumé La structure des tribus et sous-tribus de la sous-famille de braconides Opiinae est démantelée, et plusieurs changements dans la classification des genres sont faits. Thoracoplites Fischer et Aspilodemon Fischer sont retirés des Opiinés. Utetes Foerster et Pseudorhinoplus Fischer sont élevés au rang de genre et Bracanastrepha Brèthes est traité comme un sous-genre de Utetes . Cinq noms de genre d’usage courant sont traités comme synonymes de Opius Wesmael, Rhinoplus Foerster est mis en synonymie avec Biosteres Foerster, et Kephalosema Fischer est mis en synonymie Hydrangeocola Brèthes. Les relations entre les groupes d’espèces précédemment placées dans la sous-tribu des Biosterina sont discutées d’un point de vue phylogénétique.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Natural History
                Journal of Natural History
                Informa UK Limited
                0022-2933
                1464-5262
                February 1993
                February 1993
                : 27
                : 1
                : 107-171
                Article
                10.1080/00222939300770061
                © 1993

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