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      O-Methylation of Isoproterenol by the Endothelium of the Rabbit Thoracic Aorta

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          Abstract

          We have examined the influence of endothelial cell removal upon the O-methylation of the isomers of isoproterenol in the isolated rabbit aorta. Endothelial cells were removed by mechanically abrading isolated segments of rabbit aorta. The latter procedure resulted in the abolition of acetylcholine-mediated relaxation of tissues, a process dependent upon the presence of endothelial cells. In addition, histological staining and electron-microscopic analysis indicated the presence of endothelial cells in tissues not subjected to mechanical abrasion and the absence of endothelial cells in tissues subjected to abrasion. Moreover, ultrastructural analysis revealed that the influence of abrasion was limited to the luminal side of the internal elastic lamina. The removal of endothelial cells from the isolated rabbit aorta was associated with a decrease (approximately 30%) in the O-methylation of the isomers of isoproterenol. Inhibition of the extraneuronal uptake process with deoxycorticosterone (DOCA) produced a predicted decrease in the O-methylation of isoproterenol in tissues with the endothelium intact. In the absence of endothelial cells, the inhibition of the O-methylation of isoproterenol mediated by DOCA persisted. The results suggest that the O-methylation of catecholamines can occur in both medial and endothelial structures in this blood vessel and support the results of immunohistochemical studies that suggested a presence of catechol-O-methyltransferase in vascular endothelial structures. In addition, the findings exclude a possibility that the extraneuronal uptake process for catecholamines resides exclusively in endothelial structures. The functional consequences of vascular endothelial cell O-methylation are discussed.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1986
          1986
          23 September 2008
          : 23
          : 6
          : 279-287
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, West Virginia University Medical Center, Morgantown, W.Va., USA
          Article
          158655 Blood Vessels 1986;23:279–287
          10.1159/000158655
          © 1986 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Research Paper

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