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      Cold Pressure Test Producing Coronary Spasm, Coronary Thrombosis and Myocardial Infarction in a Patient with IgM Antibodies against Coxsackie B Virus

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          Several lines of evidence have shown that viral infections are capable of causing coronary spasm and precipitating or mimicking clinical myocardial infarction. Here we report the case of a 41-year-old woman with recurrent angina who was admitted to our hospital because of ventricular tachycardia. Laboratory examination revealed positive IgM titers against Coxsackie B virus. Coronary angiography showed normal coronary arteries, but following a cold pressure test severe spasm of all coronaries with thrombotic occlusion of the second marginal branch of the circumflex artery occurred. We conclude that coronary spasm should be clinically suspected in patients with chest pain and ventricular arrhythmia in combination with IgM antibodies against Coxsackie B virus. In these patients, a cold pressure test should be avoided, and antithrombotic and antispastic therapy is recommended.

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          Coronary artery spasm. Mechanisms and clinical relevance

           E. BRAUNWALD (1981)

            Author and article information

            S. Karger AG
            April 2000
            19 April 2000
            : 92
            : 4
            : 278-281
            aDepartment of Cardiology, Justus Liebig University Giessen and bKerckhoff-Klinik, Max Planck Institute for Clinical and Physiological Research, Giessen, Germany
            6987 Cardiology 1999;92:278–281
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

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            Figures: 2, References: 12, Pages: 4
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