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      Cold Pressure Test Producing Coronary Spasm, Coronary Thrombosis and Myocardial Infarction in a Patient with IgM Antibodies against Coxsackie B Virus

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          Abstract

          Several lines of evidence have shown that viral infections are capable of causing coronary spasm and precipitating or mimicking clinical myocardial infarction. Here we report the case of a 41-year-old woman with recurrent angina who was admitted to our hospital because of ventricular tachycardia. Laboratory examination revealed positive IgM titers against Coxsackie B virus. Coronary angiography showed normal coronary arteries, but following a cold pressure test severe spasm of all coronaries with thrombotic occlusion of the second marginal branch of the circumflex artery occurred. We conclude that coronary spasm should be clinically suspected in patients with chest pain and ventricular arrhythmia in combination with IgM antibodies against Coxsackie B virus. In these patients, a cold pressure test should be avoided, and antithrombotic and antispastic therapy is recommended.

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          Most cited references 1

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          Coronary artery spasm. Mechanisms and clinical relevance

           E. BRAUNWALD (1981)
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            CRD
            Cardiology
            10.1159/issn.0008-6312
            Cardiology
            S. Karger AG
            0008-6312
            1421-9751
            1999
            April 2000
            19 April 2000
            : 92
            : 4
            : 278-281
            Affiliations
            aDepartment of Cardiology, Justus Liebig University Giessen and bKerckhoff-Klinik, Max Planck Institute for Clinical and Physiological Research, Giessen, Germany
            Article
            6987 Cardiology 1999;92:278–281
            10.1159/000006987
            10844390
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 2, References: 12, Pages: 4
            Categories
            Case Report

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