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      An investigation of physicochemical properties of piroxicam liquisolid compacts.

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          Abstract

          The potential of liquisolid systems to improve the dissolution properties of a water-insoluble agent (piroxicam) was investigated. In this study, physicochemical properties of piroxicam liquisolid tablets, effect of aging, and type of the carrier were also investigated. To this end, several liquisolid tablets formulations containing various ratios of drug: solvent and different carriers were prepared. X-ray crystallography, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and contact angle measurement were used for evaluation of physicochemical properties of piroxicam. Liquisolid compacts exhibited significantly higher drug dissolution rates, in different dissolution media, than compacts prepared by the direct compression technique. The results showed that enhanced dissolution rate of piroxicam liquisolid tablets was due to an increase in wetting properties and surface area of drug available for dissolution. To investigate the effect of aging on the hardness and dissolution rate of liquisolid compacts, the formulations were stored at 25 degrees C/75% relative humidity for 9 months. The results showed that aging had no significant effect on hardness or dissolution profile of liquisolid tablets. It was shown that Avicel had more liquid retention potential than other carriers, but there were no significant differences in the dissolution profiles between formulations. The results of DSC and X-ray crystallography did not show any changes in crystallinity of the drug and interaction between piroxicam and exipients (Avicel and silica) during the process.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Pharm Dev Technol
          Pharmaceutical development and technology
          Informa UK Limited
          1083-7450
          1083-7450
          2007
          : 12
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
          Article
          780136143
          10.1080/10837450701247574
          17613897

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