Blog
About

19
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Capecitabine in combination with oxaliplatin and bevacizumab (AXELOX) as 1st line treatment for fit and vulnerable elderly patients (aged >70 years) with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC): a multicenter phase II study of the Hellenic Oncology Research Group (HORG)

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Background

          Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a disease of the elderly. However, geriatric patients are often excluded from clinical trials. The combination of capecitabine, oxaliplatin and bevacizumab (XELOX/BEV) has not been assessed in an elderly population.

          Methods

          We conducted a phase II study of XELOX plus bevacizumab combination as first line treatment in elderly patients with metastatic CRC. Treatment consisted of capecitabine 750 mg/m 2 twice a day during days 1–7, oxaliplatin 85 mg/m 2 and bevacizumab 5 mg/kg on day 1. Treatment was repeated every 14 days. The primary endpoint was overall response rate.

          Results

          In the 48 enrolled patients response rate according was 46.8% (95% CI: 32.54%–61.07%), while 13 patients had stable disease, for an overall disease control rate of 74.4% (95% CI: 57.8–91.2). Progression free survival was 7.9 months (95% CI: 5.9–9.8 months) and the median overall survival 20.1 months (95% CI: 15.6–25.7 months). Response rate and progression free survival has been correlated with baseline albumin and haemoglobin levels. There was one treatment-related death. Grade 3–4 toxicities were asthenia (4.2%), neurotoxicity (2.1%) and diarrhea 6.3%).

          Conclusions

          The combination of capecitabine, oxaliplatin and bevacizumab is an effective and safe combination for the treatment of elderly patients with metastatic CRC.

          Trial registration

          Clinical trials NCT01024504, 26 November 2010.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 23

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          New guidelines to evaluate the response to treatment in solid tumors. European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, National Cancer Institute of the United States, National Cancer Institute of Canada.

          Anticancer cytotoxic agents go through a process by which their antitumor activity-on the basis of the amount of tumor shrinkage they could generate-has been investigated. In the late 1970s, the International Union Against Cancer and the World Health Organization introduced specific criteria for the codification of tumor response evaluation. In 1994, several organizations involved in clinical research combined forces to tackle the review of these criteria on the basis of the experience and knowledge acquired since then. After several years of intensive discussions, a new set of guidelines is ready that will supersede the former criteria. In parallel to this initiative, one of the participating groups developed a model by which response rates could be derived from unidimensional measurement of tumor lesions instead of the usual bidimensional approach. This new concept has been largely validated by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Group and integrated into the present guidelines. This special article also provides some philosophic background to clarify the various purposes of response evaluation. It proposes a model by which a combined assessment of all existing lesions, characterized by target lesions (to be measured) and nontarget lesions, is used to extrapolate an overall response to treatment. Methods of assessing tumor lesions are better codified, briefly within the guidelines and in more detail in Appendix I. All other aspects of response evaluation have been discussed, reviewed, and amended whenever appropriate.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Cancer statistics, 2008.

            Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the number of new cancer cases and deaths expected in the United States in the current year and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival based on incidence data from the National Cancer Institute, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries and mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics. Incidence and death rates are age-standardized to the 2000 US standard million population. A total of 1,437,180 new cancer cases and 565,650 deaths from cancer are projected to occur in the United States in 2008. Notable trends in cancer incidence and mortality include stabilization of incidence rates for all cancer sites combined in men from 1995 through 2004 and in women from 1999 through 2004 and a continued decrease in the cancer death rate since 1990 in men and since 1991 in women. Overall cancer death rates in 2004 compared with 1990 in men and 1991 in women decreased by 18.4% and 10.5%, respectively, resulting in the avoidance of over a half million deaths from cancer during this time interval. This report also examines cancer incidence, mortality, and survival by site, sex, race/ethnicity, education, geographic area, and calendar year, as well as the proportionate contribution of selected sites to the overall trends. Although much progress has been made in reducing mortality rates, stabilizing incidence rates, and improving survival, cancer still accounts for more deaths than heart disease in persons under age 85 years. Further progress can be accelerated by supporting new discoveries and by applying existing cancer control knowledge across all segments of the population.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              ESMO Consensus Guidelines for management of patients with colon and rectal cancer. a personalized approach to clinical decision making.

              Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common tumour type in both sexes combined in Western countries. Although screening programmes including the implementation of faecal occult blood test and colonoscopy might be able to reduce mortality by removing precursor lesions and by making diagnosis at an earlier stage, the burden of disease and mortality is still high. Improvement of diagnostic and treatment options increased staging accuracy, functional outcome for early stages as well as survival. Although high quality surgery is still the mainstay of curative treatment, the management of CRC must be a multi-modal approach performed by an experienced multi-disciplinary expert team. Optimal choice of the individual treatment modality according to disease localization and extent, tumour biology and patient factors is able to maintain quality of life, enables long-term survival and even cure in selected patients by a combination of chemotherapy and surgery. Treatment decisions must be based on the available evidence, which has been the basis for this consensus conference-based guideline delivering a clear proposal for diagnostic and treatment measures in each stage of rectal and colon cancer and the individual clinical situations. This ESMO guideline is recommended to be used as the basis for treatment and management decisions.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                BMC Cancer
                BMC Cancer
                BMC Cancer
                BioMed Central
                1471-2407
                2014
                22 April 2014
                : 14
                : 277
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Hellenic Oncology Research Group (HORG), 55 Lomvardou str, 11470 Athens, Greece
                Article
                1471-2407-14-277
                10.1186/1471-2407-14-277
                4000321
                24755296
                Copyright © 2014 Vamvakas et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

                Categories
                Research Article

                Oncology & Radiotherapy

                elderly patients, xelox, capecitabine, oxaliplatin, bevacizumab, mcrc, colorectal cancer

                Comments

                Comment on this article