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      Helping Behavior of Older Adults during the Early COVID-19 Lockdown in Belgium


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          This study aimed to understand whether older adults not only received but also provided help during the first COVID-19 lockdown in Belgium, which factors motivated them to help, and whether older adults differed from younger age groups in terms of helping behavior and motives. Bivariate analyses were performed using data generated from an online cross-sectional survey in Belgium ( N = 1892).

          The results showed that older adults who received help also provided it. This “interdependence” – mutual or reciprocal dependence – occurred regardless of age. In terms of motives for providing help, both older adults and their younger peers were primarily motivated by present-oriented and emotion-related motivation: older people were motivated to provide help by altruistic values and humanism, and enhancement motives linked to self-development.

          Policy implications of these results entail: during crisis situations, make use of the bond between older adults and their neighbors, such as caring communities.

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          Most cited references59

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          Embeddedness and Immigration: Notes on the Social Determinants of Economic Action

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            Is Open Access

            Guidelines for developing, translating, and validating a questionnaire in perioperative and pain medicine

            The task of developing a new questionnaire or translating an existing questionnaire into a different language might be overwhelming. The greatest challenge perhaps is to come up with a questionnaire that is psychometrically sound, and is efficient and effective for use in research and clinical settings. This article provides guidelines for the development and translation of questionnaires for application in medical fields, with a special emphasis on perioperative and pain medicine. We provide a framework to guide researchers through the various stages of questionnaire development and translation. To ensure that the questionnaires are psychometrically sound, we present a number of statistical methods to assess the reliability and validity of the questionnaires.
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              How COVID-19 and the Dutch ‘intelligent lockdown’ change activities, work and travel behaviour: Evidence from longitudinal data in the Netherlands

              COVID-19 has massively affected the lives of people all over the world. This paper presents first insights in current and potential future effects of the virus and the Dutch government's ‘intelligent lockdown’ on people's activities and travel behaviour. Findings are based on a representative sample of about 2500 respondents from the Netherlands Mobility Panel (MPN). We show that approximately 80% of people reduced their activities outdoors, with a stronger decrease for older people. 44% of workers started or increased the amount of hours working from home and 30% have more remote meetings. Most of these workers report positive experiences. Students and school pupils, however, are mostly not happy with following education from home. Furthermore, the amount of trips and distance travelled dropped by 55% and 68% respectively when compared to the fall of 2019. So-called ‘roundtrips’ (e.g. a walking or cycling tour) gained in popularity. People are currently more positive towards the car and far more negative towards public transport. Changes in outdoor activities seem to be temporal, with over 90% of people who currently reduced their outdoor activities not expecting to continue this behaviour in the future after corona. However, 27% of home-workers expect to work from home more often in the future. In addition, 20% of people expect to cycle and walk more and 20% expect to fly less in the future. These findings show that the coronavirus crisis might result in structural behavioural changes, although future longitudinal analyses are needed to observe these possible structural effects.

                Author and article information

                Res Aging
                Res Aging
                Research on Aging
                SAGE Publications (Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA )
                30 May 2022
                30 May 2022
                : 01640275221105231
                [1 ]Adult Educational Sciences, Ringgold 70493, universityVrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB); , Brussels, Belgium
                [2 ]Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Ageing, IRCCS INRCA, Ancona, Italy
                [3 ]Ringgold 37799, universityJagiellonian University; , Cracow, Poland
                Author notes
                [*]Sarah Dury, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Adult Educational Sciences, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Email: sdury@ 123456vub.be
                Author information
                © The Author(s) 2022

                This article is made available via the PMC Open Access Subset for unrestricted re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic or until permissions are revoked in writing. Upon expiration of these permissions, PMC is granted a perpetual license to make this article available via PMC and Europe PMC, consistent with existing copyright protections.

                Special Issue on Productive Aging
                Custom metadata

                helping behavior,older adults,motives,social-emotional selectivity theory,covid-19


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