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      Glycerol based solvents: synthesis, properties and applications

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          Abstract

          This critical review covers advances in the field of glycerol-derived solvents, with a particular focus on hazardous solvents substitution issues.

          Abstract

          The most recent advances in the use of glycerol and glycerol derivatives as solvents are reviewed. There are an increasing number of examples of the use of glycerol itself as a reaction medium, solvent–reagent or a dispersive medium for a large variety of applications. In the case of glycerol derivatives, new synthetic methods, physico-chemical properties and application examples as solvents are revised. Recent studies in the field of solvent classification, as well as solvent substitution issues, in connection with glycerol derivatives are also discussed in this review.

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          Chemoselective catalytic conversion of glycerol as a biorenewable source to valuable commodity chemicals.

          New opportunities for the conversion of glycerol into value-added chemicals have emerged in recent years as a result of glycerol's unique structure, properties, bioavailability, and renewability. Glycerol is currently produced in large amounts during the transesterification of fatty acids into biodiesel and as such represents a useful by-product. This paper provides a comprehensive review and critical analysis on the different reaction pathways for catalytic conversion of glycerol into commodity chemicals, including selective oxidation, selective hydrogenolysis, selective dehydration, pyrolysis and gasification, steam reforming, thermal reduction into syngas, selective transesterification, selective etherification, oligomerization and polymerization, and conversion of glycerol into glycerol carbonate.
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            From glycerol to value-added products.

            Today, industrial plants that produce glycerol are closing down and others are opening that use glycerol as a raw material, owing to the large surplus of glycerol formed as a by-product during the production of biodiesel. Research efforts to find new applications of glycerol as a low-cost feedstock for functional derivatives have led to the introduction of a number of selective processes for converting glycerol into commercially valued products. This Minireview describes a selection of such achievements and shows how glycerol will be a central raw material in future chemical industries.
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              Improved utilisation of renewable resources: New important derivatives of glycerol

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                GRCHFJ
                Green Chem.
                Green Chem.
                Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
                1463-9262
                1463-9270
                2014
                2014
                : 16
                : 3
                : 1007-1033
                Article
                10.1039/C3GC41857J
                © 2014
                Product
                Self URI (article page): http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C3GC41857J

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