12
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      Are you tired of sifting through news that doesn't interest you?
      Personalize your Karger newsletter today and get only the news that matters to you!

      Sign up

      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Effects of Pituitary Adenylate-Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide on the Direct-Current Electroretinogram of the Rabbit Eye

      research-article

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Pituitary adenylate-cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a recently discovered neuropeptide present in two different forms, PACAP-27 and PACAP-38. Both peptides stimulate the catalytic enzyme adenylate cyclase in pituitary cells. This enzyme is important also regarding the function of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The purpose of the study was to investigate possible influences of PACAP on the rabbit retina and the RPE as reflected in the direct-current (d.c.) electroretinogram (ERG) and the standing potential of the eye (SP). After unilateral sector vitrectomy, a continuous intraocular perfusion with a reference solution alternated with a test solution was established. The corneal d.c. ERG and the SP were recorded from both eyes with the contralateral eye as a control. Both PACAP-27 (0.1 and 1 µ M) and PACAP-38 (1 µ M) increased the c-wave amplitude significantly (p = 0.028, p = 0.013 and p = 0.024, respectively, n = 4) while neither PACAP-27 (0.1 and 1 µ M, p > 0.05, n = 4) nor PACAP-38 (1 µ M, p > 0.05, n = 4) produced any significant effects on the a- and b-wave amplitudes of the d.c. ERG. The SP response to the two substances differed with a significant elevation of the SP level with PACAP-27 (1 µ M, p = 0.017, n = 4), while PACAP-38 induced a small, nonsignificant SP elevation (1 µ M, p > 0.05, n = 4). Retinal penetrations during PACAP-27 (10 µ M) perfusion showed an increase in transepithelial potential (TEP) c-wave (p = 0.003) as well as in slow PIII (p = 0.011, n = 3) amplitude level. The results support the presence of PACAP receptors both on the RPE and in the neural retina.

          Related collections

          Most cited references3

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Characterization of ocular receptors for pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) and their coupling to adenylate cyclase.

          Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP), a recently discovered neuropeptide, has large structural homology with vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). Two molecular forms exist, one with 27 (PACAP-27) and one with 38 (PACAP-38) amino acids. PACAP-27 is identical to the N-terminal of PACAP-38. Two major types of PACAP receptors have been identified; selective PACAP receptors, which bind PACAP with a much higher affinity than VIP, and non-selective VIP/PACAP receptors, which bind PACAP and VIP with equally high affinity. In the present investigation, PACAP receptors in different parts of the albino rabbit eye, and their coupling to adenylate cyclase were characterized. Crude tissue homogenates from iris, ciliary body, retina and choroid were used. Competition binding curves were established for VIP, PACAP-27 and PACAP-38, with [125I]VIP or [125I-Acetyl-His1]PACAP-27 as tracer. The effects on adenylate cyclase activity were determined by plotting dose-response curves (10(-10)-10(-6) M) for VIP, PACAP-27 and PACAP-38. The anterior uvea had mainly (approximately 80%) non-selective VIP/PACAP receptors, but a small amount of selective PACAP receptors was detected. In the retina, the selective PACAP receptor predominated (approximately 85%), while the choroid (including the retinal pigment epithelium) had approximately 60% selective PACAP receptors. PACAP-27 and PACAP-38 stimulated the formation of cAMP with the same efficacy: 6.9-fold in the ciliary body, 3.6-fold in the iris, 5.1-fold in the retina and 2.3-fold in the choroid.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            PACAP-27 and PACAP-38: vascular effects in the eye and some other tissues in the rabbit.

            The effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) on regional blood flow in the eye and other tissues were investigated in albino rabbits. Direct determination of the flow from a cannulated vortex vein, in animals pretreated with a vasopressin receptor antagonist, showed that i.v. infusion of either PACAP-27 or PACAP-38 caused a dose-dependent (0.08-0.64 pmol/kg per min) decrease in the uveal vascular resistance. Regional blood flow was determined, with radioactive microspheres, during i.v. infusion of PACAP-27 or PACAP-38 (0.64 pmol/kg per min) in rabbits pretreated with hexamethonium and a vasopressin receptor antagonist. In these experiments, both PACAP-27 and PACAP-38 increased choroidal blood flow by about 50%, whereas there was no effect in the anterior uvea. Nor was there any major effect on blood flow in the anterior uvea after intracameral injection of PACAP-27 or PACAP-38 (3 pmol). The largest blood flow increases, caused by i.v. infusion of PACAP-27 or PACAP-38, were observed in the parotid gland, submandibular gland, eyelids and nictitating membrane. Local blood flow in the choroid plexus, pineal gland, posterior pituitary gland, stomach, kidney and adrenal gland was also significantly increased during the i.v. infusion of PACAP-27. The results of the present investigation indicate that PACAP-27 and PACAP-38 are about 100 times more potent than vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and peptide histidine isoleucine as vasodilators in the rabbit choroid and, possibly, also in many other tissues of the rabbit.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              ERG dependence on flow rate in the isolated and perfused mammalian eye

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                ORE
                Ophthalmic Res
                10.1159/issn.0030-3747
                Ophthalmic Research
                S. Karger AG
                0030-3747
                1423-0259
                1998
                August 1998
                12 June 1998
                : 30
                : 4
                : 199-206
                Affiliations
                a Department of Ophthalmology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; b Department of Ophthalmology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Japan
                Article
                55476 Ophthalmic Res 1998;30:199–206
                10.1159/000055476
                9667050
                3a1f5321-a7ed-4194-81cf-f7d6770dd054
                © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                History
                Page count
                Figures: 5, Tables: 1, References: 23, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Vision sciences,Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pathology
                Pituitary adenylate-cyclase- activating polypeptide,Electroretinogram,Standing potential,Retina,Retinal pigment epithelium,Rabbit

                Comments

                Comment on this article