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      Coexpression of Collagens and Collagen-Binding Heat Shock Protein 47 in Human Diabetic Nephropathy and IgA Nephropathy

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          Abstract

          The mechanism of structural changes of the kidney in human diabetic nephropathy (DN) and IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is not yet completely known, but excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM), including various collagens, may be crucial to this process. Heat shock protein (HSP) 47 has been identified as collagen-binding stress protein, shown to have a specific role in the intracellular processing of procollagen molecules during collagen assembly. To determine whether increased deposition of collagens in human DN and IgAN is related to HSP47, we investigated the expression of HSP47 in renal biopsy and autopsy sections obtained from 22 DN and 45 IgAN patients. Five renal biopsy specimens, diagnosed as minor glomerular abnormalities, were simultaneously studied as controls. Monoclonal antibodies specific for HSP47, type III collagen and type IV collagen were used to assess the relative expression of their proteins in paraffin-embedded renal sections by immunohistochemistry. Increased deposition of collagens was closely related to the sclerotic activity of the disease process in DN and IgAN; increased deposition of collagens was often present in relation to a strong expression of HSP47, a stress protein known to regulate collagen synthesis/assembly. By double immunostaining, we found colocalization of collagens and their molecular chaperone HSP47 in the sclerotic glomeruli and tubulointerstitium in DN and IgAN. Our results strongly support a pathologic role for HSP47 in both these diseases and that increased levels of HSP47 may play an important role in the excessive assembly of collagens resulting in glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis found in DN and IgAN patients.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1998
          December 1998
          07 December 1998
          : 80
          : 4
          : 434-443
          Affiliations
          a Second Department of Pathology, b Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Tropical Medicine, and c Second Department of Medicine, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Nagasaki, Japan
          Article
          45217 Nephron 1998;80:434–443
          10.1159/000045217
          9832643
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 6, Tables: 2, References: 26, Pages: 10
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45217
          Categories
          Original Paper

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