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      Prepubertal Rats Are More Resistant to Ischemic Renal Injury and Recover More Rapidly than Adult Rats

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          Abstract

          Bilateral clamping of renal pedicles during 60, 75 or 90 min was used to characterize the evolution of ischemic acute renal failure (ARF) in prepubertal rats. To verify the existence of age-conditioned differences in the evolution of ARF, adult rats were exposed to 40, 60 or 75 min of clamping. After 7 days, survival rate was significantly better in young than adult rats for identical times of clamping (89 vs. 35% for 60 min and 69 vs. 35% for 75 min). Young rats largely died within the first 24 h following ischemia while the risk of death extended until the 4th day after ischemia in adult rats. Peak values of serum urea nitrogen and creatinine were observed on the 1st and 3rd day after ischemia in young and adult rats, respectively. In young rats, these markers of renal function returned to normal on days 5 and 6 whereas they remained elevated at the end of the study in adult animals. Growth curves of young rats paralleled those of sham-operated animals from the 3rd day of clamping whereas adult rats did not even reach the initial weight at the end of the study. Analysis of kidneys obtained 7 days after clamping revealed more severe histopathological lesions in adult rats as well as a higher proliferative activity (10–40 times the value of sham-operated animals versus 2–4 times the control value in young rats). Our findings indicate that kidneys from young rats are more resistant to ischemia and recover more quickly from the ischemic insult. Therefore, the experimental model of ischemic ARF is clearly different in young and adult rats.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          EXN
          Nephron Exp Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.1660-2129
          Cardiorenal Medicine
          S. Karger AG
          1660-2129
          2000
          October 2000
          31 July 2000
          : 8
          : 4-5
          : 299-303
          Affiliations
          Department of aMorphology and Cell Biology and bPediatrics, University of Oviedo, Spain
          Article
          20682 Exp Nephrol 2000;8:299–303
          10.1159/000020682
          10940730
          © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, References: 10, Pages: 5
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/20682
          Categories
          Brief Communication

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Recovery, Rat, Acute renal failure

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