A study of the effects of insulin-induced hypoglycemia in the obese yellow agouti A<sup>y</sup> mouse was initiated to test the hypothesis that the central melanocortin pathways are required for a normal sympathetic response to hypoglycemia. An experimental protocol was performed in which young nonobese male mice were isolated and fasted beginning on day 1, then tested for glucose responses to insulin-induced hypoglycemia on day 2. Normal mice demonstrated the expected glucose rebound to hypoglycemia, exceeding baseline glucose levels by 2–3 times as a consequence of increased gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis before returning to baseline levels. A<sup>y</sup> animals lacked the rebound, exhibiting instead a gradual restoration of baseline glucose levels. The results suggested a defective sympathetic response to hypoglycemia in the A<sup>y</sup> mouse. However, a more detailed analysis demonstrated that the lack of a hyperglycemic rebound was due to an acute inhibition of feeding specifically in the A<sup>y</sup> mouse, which resulted not from the hypoglycemia stressor, but rather from the stress of isolation. Handling and intraperitoneal administration of saline also specifically inhibited food intake in the A<sup>y</sup> but not the wild-type mouse, while restraint stress had an equivalent inhibitory effect on food intake on wild-type and A<sup>y</sup> mice. Since the A<sup>y</sup> mouse has defective hypothalamic melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4-R) signaling, these data imply that the central melanocortin pathway is necessary for regulating the effects of stress on feeding behavior. Furthermore, these data demonstrate the need for exercising extreme caution in designing experiments to analyze feeding behavior and metabolism in genetic or pharmacological models involving perturbation of the melanocortin system.