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      Effects of Sodium Vanadate on Various Types of Vascular Smooth Muscles

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          Abstract

          Effects of sodium vanadate on various vascular smooth muscles of guinea pigs, rabbits, and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were studied. Sodium vanadate of concentrations higher than 10<sup>-5</sup> M induced contractions in the aortae of all animals. The contractile effects varied among vascular smooth muscles, and mesenteric arteries showed no or only weak contractile response to the drug, while aortae showed higher contractile responses. In the portal veins, potentiation of spontaneous contractions was observed by the application of sodium vanadate. These responses were not blocked by treatments with adrenergic blocking agents or indomethacin, indicating the direct action of the drug on vascular smooth muscles. Treatment with 4,4’-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2’-disulfonic acid (DIDS) blocked completely the contractile effects of sodium vanadate, whereas it showed no effect on K-contractures. Partial depolarization of the membrane by elevations of K concentration potentiated sodium vanadate-induced contractions and minimized the variations of responses among preparations. In K-depolarized preparations, sodium vanadate often induced relaxation of preparations. The contractile effects of sodium vanadate were not blocked by treatment with ouabain, though ouabain also showed contractile actions in a number of preparations. It was suggested that vanadate acts directly on vascular smooth muscles and causes contractions without relation to the inhibition of NaK-ATPase. It may cause contractions inhibiting Ca-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum and/or of cell membrane, and cause relaxation by inhibiting ATPase of contractile proteins. The variations of the responses may be explained by differences of membrane permeability to vanadate.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1986
          1986
          12 November 2008
          : 23
          : 3
          : 113-124
          Affiliations
          Research Institute of Hypertension, Kinki University, Osaka, Japan
          Article
          158628 Blood Vessels 1986;23:113–124
          10.1159/000158628
          3013345
          © 1986 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          Research Paper

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