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      Preliminary Psychometric Properties of the Verbal and Nonverbal Interaction Scale: An Observational Measure for Communication in Persons with Dementia

      1 , 1 , 2

      Issues in Mental Health Nursing

      Informa UK Limited

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          Abstract

          Little attention has been given to sociable/unsociable communication in persons with dementia despite the importance of these behaviors in maintaining engagement in marital relationships. An observational measure of verbal and nonverbal communication in persons with dementia (Verbal and Nonverbal Interaction Scale-CR) who were engaged in conversations with spouses was tested for reliability and validity. Married persons with dementia were video-recorded at home conversing with spouses over 10 weeks (N = 118 recordings). Reliability [inter-coder (.92), test-retest (r =.61-.77), internal consistency (α =.65 -.79)] were adequate. Following an intervention, the Verbal and Nonverbal Interaction Scale-CR predicted improved communication over 10 weeks. The ratio of sociable to unsociable communication improved by 4.46 points per session [β = 4.46, t(10) = 1.96, p =.039]. VNVIS-CR is recommended to describe sociable and unsociable communication in persons with dementia as they engage in conversations with spouses.

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          Most cited references 30

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          Measuring Marital Quality: A Critical Look at the Dependent Variable

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              Depressive disorders in caregivers of dementia patients: a systematic review.

               P. Cuijpers (2005)
              Although depressive symptomatology has been well studied in caregivers of patients with dementia, depressive disorders have been examined much less. We conducted a systematic literature search in major bibliographical databases (Medline, Psychinfo, Dissertation Abstracts), and included studies examining caregivers of dementia patients that reported the prevalence of major depressive disorder, according to diagnostic criteria as assessed with a standardized psychiatric diagnostic interview. Ten studies with a total of 790 caregivers were identified (sample sizes: 22-147). In only one of the studies, a representative community sample was used. A total of 176 subjects (22.3%) had a depressive disorder (prevalence range from 0.15-0.32). In the three studies reporting differential prevalence rates for men and women somewhat smaller prevalence rates were found for men than for women. In six studies caregivers were compared to a (mostly matched) control group. The relative risks of having a depressive disorder in caregivers ranged from 2.80-38.68 (all RR's were significant). In the three prospective studies relatively high incidence rates were found (0.48). This study made it clear that prevalence and incidence of depressive disorders are increased in caregivers of dementia patients. More research is clearly needed in this population.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Issues in Mental Health Nursing
                Issues in Mental Health Nursing
                Informa UK Limited
                0161-2840
                1096-4673
                April 27 2017
                May 04 2017
                March 2017
                May 04 2017
                : 38
                : 5
                : 381-390
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida, USA
                [2 ]School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden
                Article
                10.1080/01612840.2017.1279248
                28448228
                © 2017

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