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Prevalence of disorders of the autism spectrum in a population cohort of children in South Thames: the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP).

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      Abstract

      Recent reports have suggested that the prevalence of autism and related spectrum disorders (ASDs) is substantially higher than previously recognised. We sought to quantify prevalence of ASDs in children in South Thames, UK.

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      Most cited references 15

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      Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders

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        Severe impairments of social interaction and associated abnormalities in children: epidemiology and classification.

        The prevalence, in children aged under 15, of severe impairments of social interaction, language abnormalities, and repetitive stereotyped behaviors was investigated in an area of London. A "socially impaired" group (more than half of whom were severely retarded) and a comparison group of "sociable severely mentally retarded" children were identified. Mutism or echolalia, and repetitive stereotyped behaviors were found in almost all the socially impaired children, but to a less marked extent in a minority of the sociable severely retarded. Certain organic conditions were found more often in the socially impaired group. A subgroup with a history of Kanner's early childhood autism could be identified reliably but shared many abnormalities with other socially impaired children. The relationships between mental retardation, typical autism, and other conditions involving social impairment were discussed, and a system of classification based on quality of social interaction was considered.
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          Adult outcome for children with autism

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Newcomen Centre, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. gillian.baird@gstt.nhs.uk
            Journal
            Lancet
            Lancet (London, England)
            1474-547X
            0140-6736
            Jul 15 2006
            : 368
            : 9531
            S0140-6736(06)69041-7 10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69041-7 16844490

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