Superior hypogastric neurolytic block is performed to block visceral pelvic pain. This could be performed through the anterior approach guided by CT or ultrasound and through a posterior approach, guided by fluoroscopy or CT.
Sixty adult patients with severe visceral pelvic pain (VAS>70 mm) were randomly divided into two groups. Group S: SHP block was done ultrasound guided using the anterior approach and confirmed by fluoroscopy. Group F: SHP block was done fluoroscopic guided using the posterior oblique approach. The VAS (visual analog scale), duration of the technique, time of X-ray exposure, patient satisfaction score, patient global impression of change (PGIC), quality of life score, and daily morphine consumption (mg/day) were measured pre-procedure and at the 1st, 4th, 8th, and 12th week after the procedure. In addition, any side effects of the procedure were recorded.
There was a significant difference in VAS between the two groups ( P<0.01) (better in group S). The quality of life score was improved from the pre-procedure in both groups ( P<0.05), and morphine consumption was significantly lower in group S than in group F ( P<0.05) at the 1st, 4th, and 8th week and not significant at the 12th week. The two groups show a statistically significant difference as regards the duration of the procedure and X-ray exposure ( P<0.01). There was a statistically significant difference in the satisfactory score between the two groups at the 1st, 4th, 8th, and 12th week ( P<0.01). As regards the PGIC score, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). In group S, no back pain was reported, while 11 patients of group F complained from post-procedure back pain ( P<0.001).