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      Clinical Significance of Continuable Treatment with Nintedanib Over 12 Months for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis in a Real-World Setting

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          The INPULSIS-ON study suggested the safety and tolerability of long-term nintedanib treatment for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, there are no real-world studies on long-term nintedanib treatment. The main aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy and the tolerability of long-term treatment with nintedanib for IPF in clinical practice.

          Patients and Methods

          This retrospective study enrolled 104 IPF patients who underwent treatment with nintedanib. Among these patients, 51 were able to receive nintedanib for more than 12 months (ie, treatment with nintedanib over 12 months was possible [P group]) and 53 were not able to receive nintedanib for more than 12 months (ie, treatment with nintedanib over 12 months was impossible [I group]). The tolerability and efficacy of nintedanib were compared between the two groups.


          In the I group, 29 patients were unable to continue nintedanib therapy because of adverse effects, including diarrhea and nausea/anorexia. In addition, 19 and four patients could not continue nintedanib treatment because of IPF progression and worsening of performance status (PS), respectively. One patient suddenly died during nintedanib treatment. The incidence of nausea/anorexia in the I group was significantly higher than in the P group (49.06 vs 25.49%). The survival time was significantly longer in the P group than in the I group (35 vs 12 months). The decline in forced vital capacity was significantly larger in the I group than in the P group (165 vs 10 mL/year). Poor PS at nintedanib initiation was the only significant risk factor for nintedanib treatment discontinuation over 12 months. Finally, the survival time was significantly longer in patients with good PS than in those with poor PS (27 vs 13 months).


          Poor PS can result in discontinuation of nintedanib after 12 months. Long-term nintedanib treatment may be effective for survival.

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          Most cited references 22

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          Efficacy of a tyrosine kinase inhibitor in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

          Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive lung disease with a high mortality rate. Because the signaling pathways activated by several tyrosine kinase receptors have been shown to be involved in lung fibrosis, it has been suggested that the inhibition of these receptors may slow the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. In a 12-month, phase 2 trial, we assessed the efficacy and safety of four different oral doses of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor BIBF 1120 as compared with placebo in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The primary end point was the annual rate of decline in forced vital capacity (FVC). Secondary end points included acute exacerbations, quality of life (measured with the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire [SGRQ]), and total lung capacity. A total of 432 patients underwent randomization to receive one of four doses of BIBF 1120 (50 mg once a day, 50 mg twice a day, 100 mg twice a day, or 150 mg twice a day) or placebo. In the group receiving 150 mg of BIBF 1120 twice a day, FVC declined by 0.06 liters per year, as compared with 0.19 liters per year in the placebo group, a 68.4% reduction in the rate of loss with BIBF 1120 (P = 0.06 with the closed testing procedure for multiplicity correction; P = 0.01 with the hierarchical testing procedure). This dose also resulted in a lower incidence of acute exacerbations, as compared with placebo (2.4 vs. 15.7 per 100 patient-years, P = 0.02) and a small decrease in the SGRQ score (assessed on a scale of 0 to 100, with lower scores indicating better quality of life) as compared with an increase with placebo (-0.66 vs. 5.46, P = 0.007). Gastrointestinal symptoms (which led to more discontinuations in the group receiving 150 mg twice a day than in the placebo group) and increases in levels of liver aminotransferases were more frequent in the group receiving 150 mg of BIBF 1120 twice daily than in the placebo group. In patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, BIBF 1120 at a dose of 150 mg twice daily, as compared with placebo, was associated with a trend toward a reduction in the decline in lung function, with fewer acute exacerbations and preserved quality of life. (Funded by Boehringer Ingelheim; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00514683 .).
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            An Official ATS/ERS/JRS/ALAT Statement: Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Evidence-based Guidelines for Diagnosis and Management

            American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 183(6), 788-824
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              Toxicity and response criteria of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group.


                Author and article information

                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Design, Development and Therapy
                18 January 2021
                : 15
                : 223-230
                [1 ]Department of Respiratory Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine , Tokyo, Japan
                [2 ]Department of Respiratory Medicine, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital , Urayasu, Chiba, Japan
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Motoyasu KatoDepartment of Respiratory Medicine, Juntendo University, Graduate School of Medicine , 3-1-3 Hongo, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo113-8431, JapanTel +81-3-5802-1063Fax +81-3-5802-1617 Email mtkatou@juntendo.ac.jp
                © 2021 Kato et al.

                This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms ( https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 6, References: 22, Pages: 8
                Funded by: no funding;
                There is no funding to report.
                Original Research


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