Claudin 1 is one of the tight junction proteins, which are critical in the maintenance of epithelial integrity. Aberrant regulation of CLDN1 and its correlation with β-catenin have been discovered in malignant tumors. The present study aimed to investigate the expression profile and clinical relevance of CLDN1 and β-catenin. The protein levels of CLDN1 and β-catenin were examined using immunohistochemical staining. The characteristics of expression profile and prognostic value were analyzed using Pearson's χ² test and Kaplan-Meier analysis, respectively. β-catenin overexpression and knockdown were used to investigate its role in regulating CLDN1 expression. We showed that CLDN1 was overexpressed in intestinal-type, presence of lymph node metastasis, higher TNM stage in gastric cancer patients and correlated with decreased overall survival. The characteristics of CLDN1 expression were associated with that of β-catenin. CLDN1 and β-catenin showed similar prognostic value in intestinal-type gastric cancers. β-catenin knockdown and overexpression in cell models revealed a positive relation between CLDN1 and β-catenin. Our study demonstrated that CLDN1 is a biomarker for intestinal-type gastric cancer with shorter survival. The expression of CLDN1 was strongly associated with β-catenin in gastric cancer patients and a gastric cancer cell model.