The aim of this study was to compare the distribution characteristics and ocular pharmacokinetics of norvancomycin (NVCM) in ocular tissues of the anterior segment between continuous topical ocular instillation and hourly administration of eye drop in rabbits.
Sixty rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: continuous topical ocular instillation drug delivery (CTOIDD) group and eye drop (control) group. In the CTOIDD group, NVCM solution (50 mg/mL) was perfused to the ocular surface using the CTOIDD system at 2 mL/h up to 10 h and the same solution was administered at one drop (50 μL) per hour for 10 h in the control group. Animals (N=6 per time-point per group) were humanely killed at 2, 4, 6, 10, and 24 h to analyze their ocular tissues and plasma. The concentrations of NVCM in the conjunctiva, cornea, aqueous humour, iris, ciliary body and plasma were measured by HPLC with photodiode array detector. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by Kinetica 5.1.
The highest concentrations of NVCM for the CTOIDD group and control group were 2105.45±919.89 μg/g and 97.18±43.14 μg/g in cornea, 3033.92±1061.95 μg/g and 806.99±563.02 μg/g in conjunctiva, 1570.19±402.87 μg/g and 46.93±23.46 μg/g in iris, 181.94±47.11 μg/g and 15.38±4.00 μg/g in ciliary body, 29.78±4.90 μg/mL and 3.20±1.48 μg/mL in aqueous humour, and 26.89±5.57 μg/mL and 1.90±1.87 μg/mL in plasma, respectively. The mean NVCM levels significantly increased at all time-points in cornea, iris, and ciliary body ( p<0.05) in the CTOIDD group. The AUC 0–24 values in the CTOIDD group were 27,543.70 μg·h/g in cornea, 32,514.48 μg·h/g in conjunctiva, 8631.05 μg·h/g in iris, 2194.36 μg·h/g in ciliary body and 343.9 μg·h/mL in aqueous humour, which were higher than for the eye drop group in all tissues.
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